Jahresübersicht für das Jahr 2022
Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., only at Zoom 
Francesco Lombardi, Institut für Physik  
Noble Gas Detectors: From Xenon nT to Darwin. Hardware open issue  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16 Uhr c.t., Hörsaal CO2 Chemie  NordOst (2321) Duesbergweg 10  14 
Dr. Dionysis Antipas, University of Mainz  
Parity violation in atoms  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Prof. Stefan Willitsch, Universität Basel  
The development of quantum technologies for molecules has remained a longstanding challenge due to the complexity of molecular systems. We have recently developed a quantumnondemolition technique for the nondestructive detection of the internal quantum state of a single trapped molecular ion [1,2,3]. The method is based on the statedependent coherent excitation of the motion of the molecular ion and subsequent measurement of the motional quantum state using a cotrapped atomic ion. This approach offers new perspectives not only for the detection, but also for the preparation and the manipulation of molecular quantum states on the singleparticle level with a sensitivity several orders of magnitude higher compared to previously used destructive schemes. We present a characterisation of the technique using the homonuclear diatomic ion N2+ as an example and show how it can be used for noninvasive spectroscopic measurements on single molecules. We also discuss applications of this technique in the realm of precision molecular spectroscopy [4] using a newly established fibre network for the precise transfer of frequencies within Switzerland and their comparison to the Swiss primary standard at METAS.
References: [1] Z. Meir, G. Hegi, K. Najafian, M. Sinhal and S. Willitsch, "Stateselective coherent motional excitation as a new approach for the manipulation, spectroscopy and statetostate chemistry of single molecular ions”, Faraday Discuss. 217 (2019), 561. [2] M. Sinhal, Z. Meir, K. Najafian, G. Hegi and S. Willitsch, "Quantum nondemolition state detection and spectroscopy of single trapped molecules”, Science 367 (2020), 1213. [3] K. Najafian, Z. Meir, M. Sinhal and S. Willitsch, "Identification of molecular quantum states using phasesensitive forces”, Nat. Commun. 11 (2020), 4470. [4] K. Najafian, Z. Meir and S. Willitsch, ”From megahertz to terahertz qubits encoded in molecular ions: theoretical analysis of dipoleforbidden spectroscopic transitions in N2+”, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 22 (2020), 23083. [5] D. Husmann et al., “SItraceable frequency dissemination at 1572.06 nm in a stabilized fiber network with ring topology”, Opt. Expr. 29 (2021), 24592.  
at Zoom  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., only at Zoom 
Daniel Wenz, Institut für Physik  
Calibration of XENONnT with tagged neutrons in its TPC and water Cherenkov neutron veto  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., Hörsaal CO2 Chemie  NordOst (2321) Duesbergweg 10  14 
HansJürgen Butt, MPI für Polymerforschung  
Physics near a contact line is the key to understanding dynamic wetting. We encounter wetting processes all the time in everyday life  typical applications include coating, printing, spreading herbicides and insecticides, and fogging. They also occur in the enrichment of minerals by flotation and in soldering and lubrication, as well as in the wetting of textiles and filters. Nevertheless, dynamic wetting is poorly understood, both qualitatively and quantitatively. To better understand these processes, it is necessary to consider the physics near the contact line where liquid, solid and gas meet Slides here...  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Liu Hanjie, University of Massachusetts  
Precision ParityViolating Measurements of the Neutron Skin of Pb208 and Ca48  
at Zoom  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:30 Uhr s.t., None 
Bianca Dittrich, Perimeter Institute  
There is more and more evidence that quantum gravity should be rather defined from the Lorentzian path integral than the Euclidean one. But there are many open questions concerning the Lorentzian path integral. Two of these are: Which configurations should be included in the Lorentzian path integral, e.g. should we include configurations that violate causality conditions? And how to compute the Lorentzian path integral?
Using PicardLefshetz theory to compute the Lorentzian path integral for Regge gravity, I will explain how this method can also inform on the first question. This example indicates that we can allow for causality violations to occur, but that the corresponding amplitudes are suppressed by the dynamics.  
at Zoom  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Prof. James Thompson, JILA; University of Colorado, Dept. of Physics, Boulder/USA  
I will discuss a range of cavity QED experiments that explore how to exploit atomlight interactions to create atomatom correlations and entanglement for quantum sensing and quantum simulation. Using rubidium atoms, we have implemented both cavityenhanced quantum nondemolition measurements and cavitymediated spinspin interactions to realize an entangled lightpulse matterwave interferometer that is directly observed to operate below the standard quantum limit [1]. Using strontium atoms, we have achieved pulsed superradiant lasing on the millihertz clock transition [2,3], developed a new method for determining the intrinsic radiative lifetime of the clock state [4], and observed a dynamical phase transition [5] arising from a competition between cavitymediated spin exchange interactions [6] and single particle dynamics. If time permits, I will briefly describe our progress toward a continuous superradiant laser.
[1] Greve & Luo et al, arXiv:2110.14027 (2021)
[2] Norcia et al, Science Adv. 2 e1601231 (2016)
[3] Norcia et al, Phys. Rev. X 8 021036 (2018)
[4] Muniz et al, Phys. Rev. Res. 3 023152 (2021)
[5] Muniz et al, Nature 580 602 (2020)
[6] Norcia et al, Science 361 259 (2018)  
at Zoom  

Seminar über die Physik der kondensierten Materie (SFB/TRR173 Spin+X und SFB/TR288 Kolloquium, TopDynSeminar)
JGU 16:00 Uhr s.t., Kaiserslautern 46/HS 270 
Jayasimah Atulasimha, Virginia Commonwealth University  
Voltage control of nanomagnets and skyrmions: Towards energy efficient memory and neuromorphic computing  
at Zoom  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., only at Zoom 
Alfons Weber, Institut für Physik  
Introduction to the DUNE experiment  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Anne Mareike Galda, JGU Mainz  
The Standard Model Effective Field Theory (SMEFT) provides a systematic framework to parametrize the lowenergy effects of unknown heavy particles. In this talk, I will show that in the presence of additional light particles such as axions and ALPs coupled to the Standard Model (SM) via classically shiftinvariant dimension5 operators, SMEFT Wilson coefficients are generated by means of oneloop order renormalization group (RG) evolution equations. This yields additional contributions to lowenergy observables which I will discuss for the case of the top chromomagnetic dipole moment to lowest logarithmic order. Slides here...  
at Zoom  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16 Uhr c.t., None 
Marek Kowalski, HU Berlin/DESY  
During the last years we have witnessed several breakthroughs in the field of astroparticle physics and astronomy, ranging from the detection of optical counterparts of the gravitational wave sources to the first likely identification of a source of highenergy cosmic neutrinos – a bright gammaray Blazar. And most recently, we have traced back a highenergy neutrino detected by IceCube to a TidalDisruption Event, providing first evidence that these objects might be the sights of extreme particle acceleration.
All these observations have in common that they capture transient phenomena, with multimessenger followup observations required to be performed in near realtime. In my talk I will discuss the technological challenges of the field, our solutions as well as what we have learned about the sources of cosmic neutrinos neutrino from our new observations. I will also present future projects that promise to become game changers for the field of highenergy multimessenger astronomy.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Francesca Carlin, Coach, Berlin  
Special event!
Picture a Scientist: Do you fit the image? Defining and Redefining the Role
Online talk and discussion about how gender and implicit biases affect scientific careers
with Francesca Carlin, Coach  
at Zoom  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Mikhail Katsnelson, Radboud University  
Theory of magnetic interactions in real materials  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Prof. Ania Bleszynski Jayich, University of California, Physics Dept., Santa Barbara/USA  
Solid state spin qubits, in particular the nitrogen vacancy (NV) center in diamond, offer a path towards truly nanoscale imaging of condensed matter and biological systems with sensitivity to single nuclear spins. Here I discuss our NVbased magnetic imaging experiments as applied to condensed matter systems, where we have imaged current flow patterns in graphene as well as skyrmions, nanoscale spin textures. A grand challenge to improving the spatial resolution and magnetic sensitivity of the NV is mitigating surfaceinduced quantum decoherence, which I will discuss in the second part of this talk. Decoherence at interfaces is a universal problem that affects many quantum technologies, but the microscopic origins are as yet unclear. Our studies guide the ongoing development of quantum control and materials control, pushing towards the ultimate goal of NVbased single nuclear spin imaging.  
at Zoom  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 10:15 Uhr s.t., None 
M. Schweitzer, JGU, Chemistry  
Synthetic hydrogels have sparked high interest in recent years as matrix materials for biotechnological applications. In supramolecular hydrogels the threedimensional gel network is formed by noncovalent interactions between small molecules. These can be influenced and selectively switched on and off by external stimuli. Telechelic polymerpeptide conjugates using the basic amino acid histidine in a hydrophobic phenylalanine (F)histidine (H) pentapeptide sequence FHFHF have previously been reported to promote pHswitchable selfassembly into onedimensional nanorods by βsheet formation. When encoding for assembly into parallel βsheets these structures have also shown interstrand crosslinking, leading to the formation of hydrogels. Furthermore, ROSresponsiveness can be achieved by altering the peptide sequence to incorporate methionine. The use of polymerpeptide conjugates combines the advantages of synthetic polymers like the easy scalability with the defined amino acid sequence and the resulting high structural definition of peptides.
In this work we report the synthesis of telechelic poly(ethylene glycol)peptide conjugates and their ability to form multistimuliresponsive hydrogels. The terminal peptide blocks contain the hydrophobic pentapeptide sequence FHFHF to promote pHswitchable βsheet formation and selfassembly into nanorods as well as interstrand crosslinking for hydrogelation. The conjugates were characterized by NMR and GPC and the pHswitchable selfassembly and formation of nanorods was confirmed via CDspectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Rheological measurements of hydrogels at physiologically relevant conditions showed responsiveness to pHvalue and temperature.  
at Zoom  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 10:45 Uhr s.t., None 
Philipp Ritzert, TU Darmstadt, Physics  
The fabrication of composite materials from inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) and an organic matrix significantly enriched the field of nanotechnology as components facilitate each other or cover a significant drawback. Thereby, the blending of components enables various novel application, e.g. for catalysis, nanosensors, and medical engineering.
Despite the numerous improvements over the last years, the assembly of small NPs within a polymer matrix is still not well understood. To overcome the resulting limit of accessible structures, we pursue a more controlled approach of NP formation inside a polymer matrix, utilising gold NPs as model system. During NP selfassembly, specific stimuli (represented by five Na salts of varying concentration) assert control over the NP structure by guiding the system through a series of kinetically trapped states.
Prior to investigation of NP assemblies in a polymer matrix, the response of gold NPs suspensions needs to be well characterised. Therefore, suspensions of gold NPs (∼10nm) with two capping agents are mixed with different Nasalts along the Hofmeister series (anion: F, Cl, Br, I, SCN), and optically monitored by a camera and a spectrometer. The aggregation and sedimentation behaviour reveals nonsystematic ion specific effects, which further depend on the NP size and capping agent.  
at Zoom  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., only at Zoom 
Alexander Basan, Institut für Physik  
Topantitop energy asymmetry in jetassociated topquark pair production at ATLAS  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16 Uhr c.t., Hörsaal CO2 Chemie  NordOst (2321) Duesbergweg 10  14 
Mikhail Eremets, MPIC Mainz  
Superconductivity  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Aqeel Ahmed, Max Planck Institute Heidelberg  
We present a class of models in which dark matter is composed of the composite states of a strongly coupled hidden sector. The hidden sector interacts with the standard model through the neutrino portal, allowing the relic abundance of dark matter to be set by annihilation into final states containing neutrinos. The coupling to the hidden sector also leads to the generation of neutrino masses through the inverse seesaw mechanism, with composite hidden sector states playing the role of the singlet neutrinos. We focus on the scenario in which the hidden sector is conformal in the ultraviolet, and the compositeness scale lies at or below the weak scale. We construct a holographic realization of this framework based on a fivedimensional warped geometry and study its phenomenology.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Maarten Boonekamp, Saclay / HIM  
Electroweak precision measurements at LHC  
at Zoom  

Seminar über Theorie der kondensierten Materie / TRR146 Seminar
K. Binder/ A. Nikoubashman / F. Schmid / G. Settanni / T. Speck / M. Sulpizi / P. Virnau 15:30 Uhr s.t., None 
AnnKatrin Fattal and Christopher Schierholz, Continental  
IRTG Industry talk  
at Teams  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Caroline A. Ross, Massachusetts Institute of Technology  
Iron garnet thin films for spintronic and photonic devices  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Dr. Sandra EibenbergerArias, FritzHaberInstitut der MaxPlanckGesellschaft, Berlin  
Chiral molecules are ubiquitous in nature and they are of great importance in many biological and chemical processes. They are also at the center of some interesting fundamental physics questions, for example whether there is parity violation in chiral molecules, which has been long predicted but never experimentally observed.
In my presentation I will discuss important recent experimental developments targeted at the understanding and the control of cold, chiral molecules in the gas phase. I will show the microwave threewave mixing technique where the enantiomers of a chiral molecule can be distinguished in a sensitive, nondestructive way [1]. I will also discuss enantiomerspecific population transfer, an allcoherent method to populate a chosen rotational state preferentially with one enantiomer [2]. I will further discuss recent progress in my lab in Berlin [3], where we realize increased control of chiral molecules by employing high resolution spectroscopy techniques in the UV and microwave regime [4].
[1] D. Patterson, M. Schnell, and J. Doyle, Nature 497, 475 (2013)
[2] S. Eibenberger, J. Doyle, D. Patterson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 123002 (2017)
[3] A. O. HernandezCastillo, J. Bischoﬀ, J. H. Lee, J. Langenhan, M. Karra, G. Meijer, and S. EibenbergerArias, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2021)
[4] J. H. Lee, J. Bischoff, A. O. HernandezCastillo, B. Sartakov, G. Meijer, and S. EibenbergerArias, in preparation (2021)  
at Zoom  

Seminar über Theorie der kondensierten Materie / TRR146 Seminar
K. Binder/ A. Nikoubashman / F. Schmid / G. Settanni / T. Speck / M. Sulpizi / P. Virnau 10:30 Uhr s.t., None 
Joshua Robinson, Department of Physics, Uni Mainz  
Towards energy landscapes in hard spheres  
at Zoom  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., only at Zoom 
Sebastian Ritter, Institut für Physik  
DUNE NDGAr ECAL Concepts  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik Sonderseminar: 16 Uhr c.t., via Zoom 
Julie Grollier, CNRS/Thales Lab  
Neuronale Netze / Festkörper  
Sonderseminar  
The lecture is CANCELLED 
TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Rachel Houtz, Durham U. and IPPP  
In this talk, I present a simple method to identify a continuous Lie group symmetry in a data set through regression by an artificial neural network. The proposal takes advantages of the order \epsilon^2 scaling under infinitesimal symmetry transformations. The main advantages of this methodology are that it does not rely on binning of the data set and no assumptions about the symmetry need to be made. The method is demonstrated in the SU(3)symmetric (non) linear sigma model.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Meytal Duer, TU Darmstadt  
Experimental studies of shortrange correlations  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Amalio FernándezPacheco, CSICUniversity of Zaragoza  
Three dimensional spintronics: “Faster, higher, stronger"  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Prof. Ronald Fernando Garcia Ruiz, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA/USA  
Molecules containing heavy and octupole deformed radioactive nuclei are predicted to provide enhanced sensitivity to investigate distinct nuclear phenomena, to test the violation of fundamental symmetries, and to search for new physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. However, experimental measurements of such radioactive systems are scarce, and their study requires to overcome major experimental challenges. This seminar will discuss recent spectroscopy measurements of shortlived radium fluoride molecules (RaF) alongside future perspectives in the study of these and other radioactive molecules.  
at Zoom  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 10:15 Uhr s.t., None 
Oliver Stach, JGU, Chemistry  
We report the sequential growth of supramolecular copolymers on gold surfaces, using oppositely charged dendritic peptide amphiphiles. By including watersolubilizing thermoresponsive chains in the monomer design, we observed nonlinear effects in the temperaturedependent sequential growth. The stepwise copolymerization process is characterized using temperature dependent SPR and QCMD measurements. At higher temperatures, dehydration of peripheral oligoethylene glycol chains supports copolymer growth due to more favorable comonomer interactions. Both monomers incorporate methionine amino acids but remarkably, desorption of the copolymers via competing Sulphur gold interactions with the initial monomer layer is not observed. The surfaceconfined supramolecular copolymers remain kinetically trapped on the metal surface at near neutral pH and form viscoelastic films with a tunable thickness.  
at Zoom  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 10:45 Uhr s.t., None 
Yashraj Manish Wani, JGU, Physics  
Understanding the dynamics of colloidal suspensions is essential for prediction and engineering of microstructures that have several technical applications. Owing to the complexity of particle interactions, numerical techniques are well suited for studying such systems.
We are interested in studying colloid dynamics using mesoscale computer simulations, focusing on a recently proposed approach based on multiparticle collision dynamics. A major benefit of this approach is that it allows us to simulate colloidal particles with complex geometries. We have studied the equilibrium and sedimentation dynamics of spherical particles in suspensions with varying concentrations. Compared with other theoretical and experimental studies, we found some anomalies with the shorttime equilibrium dynamics, but the longtime equilibrium dynamics and sedimentation dynamics are consistent with the presence of appropriate hydrodynamic interactions. To demonstrate the extensibility of the approach, we study the equilibrium dynamics of cubic colloidal particles.  
at Zoom  

Seminar über die Physik der kondensierten Materie (SFB/TRR173 Spin+X und SFB/TR288 Kolloquium, TopDynSeminar)
JGU 16:00 Uhr s.t., Kaiserslautern 46/HS 270 
Mario Carpentieri, Politecnico di Bari (Italy)  
Zoom ID: 641 9279 3075
Passcode: 4Ko!!2122 Slides here...  
at Zoom  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Toby Opferkuch, UC Berkeley and LBNL  
Neutrino emission plays an important role in the cooling of neutron stars. Thermally emitted neutrinos, however, have subMeV energies and are therefore all but impossible to detect from such distant sources. In this talk I will argue that neutron stars should emit a secondary, nonthermal, neutrino flux arising from outofequilibrium muon decays. Muons are abundant in the core of the star, but due to the large electron chemical potential, their decay is initially prevented by Pauli blocking. Over timescales of order years, however, they can diffuse outwards into regions of low electron chemical potential, where their decay becomes possible and results in a flux of neutrinos with energies up to 40 MeV. While detecting this flux from a single neutron star is challenging, the integrated flux from all neutron stars in the Milky Way is comparable to the diffuse supernova neutrino background, it may be observable in nextgeneration detectors like DUNE and HyperKamiokande. This would offer a unique new way of probing the inner structure of neutron stars.  
at Zoom  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Yuriy Mokrousov, JGU  
Detecting, imprinting and switching spin chirality in magnetic materials  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Mathias Weiler, TUK  
MagnetoAcoustic Waves in Magnetic Thin Films  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Chantal Valeriani, Complutense Madrid, Spain  
From active materials to biofilms: pressing challenges in soft matter  
at Zoom  
MPI Seminar 
Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Jamie Boyd, CERN  
Forward Physics Facility  
at Zoom also available  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Tiffany Santos, Western Digital Corporation, USA  
Spins, Bits, and Flips: Essentials for HighDensity Magnetic RandomAccess Memory  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Christian Tzschaschel, Harvard University  
Ultrafast optical excitation and probing of coherent antiferromagnetic spin dynamics  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Ran Cheng, University of California  
Driving Exchange Mode Resonance as Adiabatic Quantum Motor with 100% Mechanical Efficiency  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Piet O. Schmidt, MPI für Dynamik und Selbstorganisation  
Highly charged ions (HCI) have many favorable properties for tests of fundamental physics and as potential nextgeneration optical atomic frequency standards. However, up until recently the most accurate laser spectroscopy on any HCI was performed on the 17 Hz wide finestructure transition in Ar13+ with 400 MHz resolution, lagging almost twelve orders of magnitude behind stateoftheart optical clocks. We present the first coherent laser spectroscopy of an HCI using techniques developed in the context of quantum information processing with trapped ions. A novel quantum algorithmic cooling scheme has been developed and implemented, which reduces motional shifts to below the 1018 level. We have performed an absolute frequency measurement, including a full error budget for the Ar13+ HCI clock, which demonstrates that HCI optical clocks with systematic uncertainty below 1018 become feasible. Finally, prospects for 5th force tests based on isotope shift spectroscopy of Ca+/Ca14+ isotopes and the highsensitivity search for a variation of the finestructure constant using HCI will be presented. This work paves the way towards optical clocks based on highly charged ions with a high sensitivity to a change in fundamental constants and other tests of beyond standard model physics.  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Steen Hannestad, Univ. Aarhus, Denmark  
CANCELED // Neutrino physics in the era of precision cosmology  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Aleksei V. Kimel, Radboud University  
Resolving chickenoregg causality dilemma for magnetostructural phase transition in FeRh  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14 Uhr c.t., LorentzRaum 05127 
Prof. Dr. Angela Wittmann, Institut für Physik, Universität Mainz  
According to Moore’s law, the development of chargebased devices is fast approaching its limits. In response to this, spintronics has become one of the most promising alternatives. Its paradigmchanging nature lies in making use of the spin degree of freedom in addition to the electron’s charge and mass for encoding information. Particularly regarding the development of novel and versatile devices for different applications, tunable spintronic properties at hybrid interfaces in unconventional materials systems are of paramount interest.
In the first part of this talk, I would like to give a brief insight into spin currents in hybrid moleculemagnet systems. We will explore the unique tunability of spin injection and diffusion by molecular design. The second part will focus on unravelling the domain structure in antiferromagnetic thin films.  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16 Uhr c.t., None 
Minhyong Kim, U. of Warwick  
Quantum field theory clearly has its origins in the largely successful attempt to classify the fundamental building blocks of matter and the interactions between them. On the other hand, a number of practitioners have suggested that it should gradually develop into a general purpose mathematical toolkit, following an evolution roughly similar to calculus. I will describe in this talk applications of this general philosophy to arithmetic geometry.  
at Zoom, BigBlueButton  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Lukas Koch, Institut für Physik  
T2K  From cross sections to the origins of everything  
at Zoom also available  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Yuri Litvinov, GSI Darmstadt  
The storage of freshly produced radioactive particles in a storage ring is a straightforward way to achieve the most efficient use of the rare species as it allows for using the same secondary ion multiple times. Employing storage rings for precision physics experiments with highlycharged ions (HCI) at the intersection of atomic, nuclear, plasma and astrophysics is a rapidly developing field of research.
The number of physics cases is enormous. The focus here will be on the most recent highlight results achieved within FAIRPhase 0 research program at the ESR. First, the measurement of the boundstate beta decay of fullyionized 205Tl was proposed about 35 years ago and was finally accomplished in 2020. Here, the ESR is presently the only instrument enabling precision studies of decays of HCIs. Such decays reflect atomnucleus interactions and are relevant for atomic physics and nuclear structure as well as for nucleosynthesis in stellar objects. Second, the efficient deceleration of beams to low energies enabled studies of protoninduced reactions in the vicinity of the Gamow window of the pprocess nucleosynthesis. After proofofprinciple studies on stable 124Xe ions, proton capture reaction on shortlived 118Te was successfully measured in the ESR. Here, the wellknown atomic charge exchange crosssections are used to constrain poorly known nuclear reaction rates.
The performed experiments will be put in the context of the present research programs at GSI/FAIR and in a broader, worldwide context, where, thanks to fascinating results obtained at the presently operating storage rings, a number of new exciting projects is planned.  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Lennert Thormählen, Univ. of Heidelberg  
The axion is much lighter than all other degrees of freedom introduced by the PecceiQuinn mechanism to solve the strong CP problem. It is therefore natural to use an effective field theory (EFT) to describe its interactions. Loop processes calculated in the EFT may however explicitly depend on the ultraviolet cutoff. In general, the dimensionful couplings suggest to identify it with the Peccei Quinn symmetrybreaking scale. An example are K+ → π+ + a decays that will soon be tested to improved precision and whose amplitude is dominated by the term logarithmically dependent on the cutoff. This talk will critically examine the adequacy of using such a naive EFT approach to study loop processes by comparing EFT calculations with ones performed in complete QCD axion models. In DFSZ models, for example, the cutoff is found to be set by additional Higgs degrees of freedom and to therefore be much closer to the electroweak scale than to the PecceiQuinn scale. In fact, there are nontrivial requirements on axion models where the cutoff scale of loop processes is close to the PecceiQuinn scale, such that the naive EFT result is reproduced. This suggests that the existence of a suitable UV embedding may impose restrictions on axion EFTs. We provide an explicit construction of a model with suitable fermion couplings and find promising prospects for NA62 and IAXO.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Almudena Arcones, TU Darmstadt  
In 2017, a multimessenger era started with the first gravitational wave detection from the merger of two neutron stars (GW170817) and the rich electromagnetic followup. The most exciting electromagnetic counterpart was the kilonova. This provides an answer to the longstanding question of how and where heavy elements are produced in the universe. The neutronrich material ejected during the neutron star merger (NSM) undergoes an rprocess (rapid neutron capture process) that produces heavy elements and a kilonova. Moreover, observations of abundances from the oldest stars reveal an additional rprocess contribution of a rare and fast event, which could be corecollapse supernovae (CCSN) with strong magnetic fields, so called magnetorotational supernovae (MRSN). Now we can use NSM and CCSN as cosmic laboratories to test nuclear physics under extreme conditions and to understand the origin and history of heavy elements. We combine hydrodynamic simulations of NSM and MRSN including stateoftheart microphysics, with nucleosynthesis calculations involving extreme neutronrich nuclei, and forefront observations of stellar abundances in the Milky Way and in orbiting dwarf galaxies. This opens up a new frontier to use the freshly synthesized elements to benchmark simulations against observations. The nucleosynthesis depends on astrophysical conditions (e.g., mass of the neutron stars) and on the microphysics included (equation of state and neutrino interactions). Therefore, comparing calculated abundances based on simulations to observations of the oldest stars and future kilonovae will lead to groundbreaking discoveries for CCSN, NSM, the extreme physics involved, and the origin of heavy elements. Slides here...  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Ilya Krivorotov, UCI  
Planar Hall Torque  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14 Uhr c.t., LorentzRaum 05127 
Prof. Dr. Stephan Schlemmer, I. Physikalisches Institut, Universität zu Köln, Germany  
Ions play a key role in the chemical evolution of our universe. The process of star and planet formation is tightly connected to the presence and abundance of these species as I will discuss in my presentation. Molecular spectra are diagnostic tools for various astrophysical environments and their temporal evolution. However, laboratory spectra of most ions relevant to astrophysics are not available. Moreover, predicted spectra from abinitio theory are not nearly accurate enough to guide astrophysical searches. Therefore, laboratory spectra of molecular ions are needed. I will report on progress towards recording highresolution spectra from the microwave to visible range using our unique and innovative methods of action spectroscopy in ion traps and how in some cases our traditional picture of molecular structure is challenged.
References
B.A. McGuire, O. Asvany, S. Brünken, and S. Schlemmer, Nature Review Physics (2020) 2, 402–410.  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 15:30 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Lukas Hauer, MPI – Polymer Research  
Hydrogels are present in many medical and consumable products for their capability to hold water under a range of externally imposed stresses (e.g., mechanical). Here, we investigate the stability of two types of hydrogel coatings (thermoresponsive (polyNisopropylacrylamide, PNIPAm) and weakly charged (poly (acryl acid), PAA)) by steadily streaming silicone oil over them both, experimentally and numerically. We find that independent of the hydrogel's polymer properties or the flow conditions, the swollen coating depletes linearly over time. The linearity of the depletion indicates that diffusion drives water molecules from the hydrogel into the oil flow. However, process timescales indicate that water is not provided instantaneous: Water molecules are retained in the hydrogel, leading to a local nonequilibrium at the shared interface which throttles depletion. We model the molecule flux over the interface, using Kramers’ theory, and implement the obtained (thermal) nonequilibrium flux in meanfield framework, which we solve numerically. Results of our simulation and experiments do match, well. These findings let us deduce that depletion is unaffected by the properties of the hydrogel (charge, elasticity, etc.) but only a consequence of the chemical potential of water and the flowing silicone oil. Depletion can be tuned by matching chemical potentials between water and silicone to avoid depletion.  
at Zoom  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 15:00 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Jude Vishnu, JGU Physics  
Thermosensitive hydrogels have attracted considerable attention in the field of bio chemistry and biomedicine. Earlier works show that microfluidics can be used to create coreshell particle with decoupled elasticity and surface adhesiveness.However these experiments could not achieve proper control over the coreshell interconnectivity.We use MD simulations to understand and quantify the diffusive interpenetration of these shell polymers into a core gel. The simulation uses a Regular network to model the gel which is diffusively invaded via a polymer solution. We look into the interfacial profile and the ways to control this coreshell connectivity. The density profiles show a clear dependence of penetration on shell polymer concentrations. This is also seen in the degree of interfacial integration and diffusion depths. Finally the analysis of diffused free chain within the gel shows the emergence of large clusters leading to percolation.These results give us insight into how the factors like the coreshell polymer contact time, shell polymer concentration, etc can help us fine tune the coreshell connectivity in experiments.  
at Zoom  

Seminar über Theorie der kondensierten Materie / TRR146 Seminar
K. Binder/ A. Nikoubashman / F. Schmid / G. Settanni / T. Speck / M. Sulpizi / P. Virnau 13:00 Uhr s.t., Minkowskiraum, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Robin Bebon, University Stuttgart  
Thermodynamic uncertainty relations for first passage fluctuations  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16 Uhr c.t., None 
Murad Alim, Hamburg U.  
BPS invariants of certain physical theories correspond to DonaldsonThomas (DT) invariants of an associated CalabiYau geometry. BPS structures refer to the data of the DT invariants together with their wallcrossing structure. On the same CalabiYau geometry another set of invariants are the GromovWitten (GW) invariants. These are organized in the GW potential, which is an asymptotic series in a formal parameter and can be obtained from topological string theory. A further asymptotic series in two parameters is obtained from refined topological string theory which contains the NekrasovShatashvili (NS) limit when one of the two parameters is sent to zero. I will discuss in the case of the resolved conifold how all these asymptotic series lead to difference equations which admit analytic solutions in the expansion parameters. A detailed study of Borel resummation allows one to identify these solutions as Borel sums in a distinguished region in parameter space. The Stokes jumps between different Borel sums encode the BPS invariants of the underlying geometry and are captured in turn by another set of difference equations. I will further show how the Borel analysis of the NS limit connects to the exact WKB study of quantum curves. This is based on various joint works with Lotte Hollands, Arpan Saha, Iván Tulli and Jörg Teschner.  
at Zoom  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., None 
Stefano Vitale, University of Trento  
LISA is a spaceborne gravitational wave (GW)observatory under development by the European Space Agency (ESA). It aims at the GW spectrum between a few tens of microHz and a fraction of a Hz, which cannot be accessed by groundbased detectors. Such frequency range gives access to million solar mass sources at cosmological distances, and to nontransient GW astronomy of our Galaxy. LISA has been preceded by a precursor mission, LISA Pathfinder, that has successfully demonstrated the necessary spacetime metrology.
The talk will review the science and achievements of LISA Pathfinder, the status of LISA, and some recent highlights on LISA science.
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TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Rodolfo Capdevilla, U. of Toronto and Perimeter Institute  
The Fermilab Muon g−2 collaboration has recently released its first measurement of (g−2)μ. This result is consistent with previous Brookhaven measurements and together they yield a statistically significant 4.2σ discrepancy with the Standard Model prediction. New physics solutions to (g−2)μ feature light weakly coupled neutral particles or heavy strongly coupled charged particles. In this talk I present an experimental program of existing and proposed experiments that can completely cover the set of theories that explain this anomaly.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Geraldine Servant, DESY Hamburg  
It is usually assumed that the axion starts oscillating around its minimum from its initially frozen position. However, the early dynamics of the PecceiQuinn field can induce a large kinetic energy in the axion field, which starts rotating during its early evolution, before it gets trapped in one minimum. This can modify the equation of state of the universe by triggering a kination era before the axion acquires its mass.
This imprints a smokinggun gravitationalwave peak on the primordial gravitationalwave background in the sensitivity bands of LISA, ET, and CE. Future gravitationalwave observatories will thus offer a new window on axion models.
I will present explicit realisations. I will also discuss how this dynamics opens up the allowed parameter space for ALP dark matter and other observational consequences. Slides here...  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Oksana ChubykaloFesenko, CSIC  
Modeling of magnetothermodynamics phenomena  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., HS Institut für Kernphysik 
Prof. Florian Schreck, University of Amsterdam  
Ultracold quantum gases are excellent platforms for quantum simulation and sensing. So far these gases have been produced using timesequential cooling stages and after creation they unfortunately decay through unavoidable loss processes. This limits what can be done with them. For example it becomes impossible to extract a continuouswave atom laser, which has promising applications for precision measurement through atom interferometry [1]. I will present how we achieve continuous BoseEinstein condensation and create condensates (BECs) that persist in a steadystate for as long as we desire. Atom loss is compensated by feeding fresh atoms from a continuously replenished thermal source into the BEC by Bosestimulated gain [2]. Our experiment is the matter wave analog of a cw optical laser with fully reflective cavity mirrors. The only step missing to create a continuouswave atom laser beam is the addition of a coherent atom outcoupling mechanism. In addition this BEC may give us access to interesting drivendissipative quantum phenomena over unprecedented timescales. The techniques we developed to create the continuous source of thermal atoms are also nicely suited to tackle another challenge: the creation of a continuously operating superradiant clock [3,4,5,6]. These clocks promise to become more rugged and/or more shortterm stable than traditional optical clocks, thereby opening new application areas. In the second part of my talk I will present how we are developing two types of superradiant clocks within the European Quantum Flagship consortium iqClock [4,5,6].  
at Zoom  
Veranstaltungstag und ort geändert 
RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16 Uhr c.t., None 
Urs Schreiber, Prague U.  
The talks begins with an exposition of higher equivariant principal bundle theory, using a convenient category/homotopytheoretic approach. By way of example and application, I’ll then show how this provides a pleasantly transparent way to understand:
1. the CPTtwisting of equivariant Ktheory, which has come to be known as the “10fold way”,
2. the neglected twisting of equivariant Ktheory by “inner local systems” appearing inside orbisingularities.
I’ll close by briefly indicating how, under the interpretation of Kcohomology as Dbrane charge, these two facts have remarkable consequences for the physics of exotic “defect branes” in string theory (arxiv:2203.11838). This is joint work with H. Sati.
ncatlab.org/schreiber/show/Anyonic+defect+branes+in+TEDKtheory Slides here...  
at BigBlueButton  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Yuriy Popovych, Institut für Physik  
Timing of the Wavelengthshifting Optical Module  
at Zoom also available  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Dr. Sebastian Raeder, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH  
The quest for longlived isotopes of superheavy elements on the socalled "island of stability" has motivated interdisciplinary research in this area for almost 50 years. The heaviest elements are of interest to nuclear and atomic physicists as well as to chemists due to their peculiar properties. While nuclear shell structure effects are responsible for their very existence stabilizing them against spontaneous disintegration, the structure of their electronic shells is affected by strong relativistic effects leading to different atomic and chemical properties compared to their lighter homologs. The atomic structure can be probed by laser spectroscopy which is a powerful tool to unveil fundamental atomic and nuclear properties. The lack in atomic information on the heavy element of interest, the low production rates, and the rather short halflives make experimental investigations challenging and demand very sensitive experimental techniques. Recent results with dedicated experimental investigations were obtained for fermium (Fm, Z=100) and nobelium (No, Z=102) isotopes which will be discussed together with the perspectives for laser spectroscopy investigations in even heavier elements.  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Adi Bornheim, Caltech Pasadena, USA  
Current and future high energy physics particle colliders can provide instantaneous luminosities of 10^34 cm2s1 and above. The high center of mass energy of 10 TeV and beyond, the large number of simultaneous collisions of beam particles in the experiments and the very high beam crossing rates pose significant challenges. At the same time, the breadth of physics studies carried out at these colliders is expanding continuously, ranging from searches over precision physics measurements to heavy ion physics.
To detect and reconstruct physics events, the detectors must maximize the information they capture on the final state particles. Adi Bornheim will discuss how timing information with a precision of around a few 10 ps can aid the reconstruction of the physics events under such challenging conditions. He will present how the CMS detector operating at the LHC in CERN will be upgraded to exploit the precision timing capabilities of the calorimeter and by the inclusion of a dedicated MIP timing detector. Slides here...  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
SangWook Cheong, Rutgers University  
Magnetic Chirality  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 15:45 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Christian Holm, University of Stuttgart  
In my talk I will present our research on how to study the pH response of weak hydrogels. I will introduce our Grand Reaction ensemble method to realistically model the pHresponse, and also several abstractions on the methodological level on how to treat charged networks in a reasonable time. I will give several example studies on strong as well as weak gels, on polyelectrolyte stars, and also present a solution to the recently observed giant pKa shift in weak polyelectrolyte brushes.  
at Zoom  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14 Uhr c.t., LorentzRaum 05127 
Prof. Dr. Christoph Becher, Universität des Saarlandes  
Quantum bits based on solidstate spins are promising and potentially scalable systems for the implementation of quantum technologies ranging from quantum information processing to quantumenhanced sensing and metrology. Ideally, they combine individually addressable spins with very long coherence times, optical emission spectra with narrow homogeneous and inhomogeneous broadenings and bright singlephoton emission. In this respect, impurityvacancy color centers in diamond based on groupIV elements (SiV, GeV, SnV, PbV) have emerged as interesting systems promising to combine all desired favorable properties.
Here, we report on recent experiments on SnV centers where we find promising optical and spin properties: The negatively charged SnV() center is a bright single photon emitter, showing a narrow inhomogeneous distribution of zero phonon lines in a hightemperature annealed sample and truly lifetimelimited transition linewidths down to 20 MHz. We explore the charge transition cycle upon resonant excitation which leads to shelving in the dark SnV(2) state and find that illumination with a second light field in the blue spectral range leads to fast and efficient initialization into the desired negative charge state. The chargestabilized SnV() center exhibits exceptional spectral stability with very small spectral diffusion (4 MHz on a homogenous linewidth of 25 MHz over 1 hour) and promising spin dephasing time (5 µs, measured via coherent population trapping).
We discuss possible applications in quantum communication, based on the prospects of coherent spin manipulation and generation of indistinguishable single photons, as well as in quantum sensing by exploiting the option of alloptical sensing schemes.
J. Görlitz et al., Coherence of a charge stabilised tinvacancy spin in diamond, npj Quantum Inf. 8, 45 (2022).  
at Zoom  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 10:00 Uhr s.t., THEP seminar 
Ennio Gozzi, Trieste  
This seminar consists of a journey on the pathintegral approach to classical mechanics and a short walk on “dreams in progress” regarding the possible role of the action in the dark matter and dark energy problems.  
at Zoom  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Fabian Hahner, Universität Heidelberg  
The pure spinor superfield formalism is a systematic way to construct supersymmetric multiplets from modules over the ring of functions on the nilpotence variety. After a short review of the technique, I present its derived generalization and explain how the derived formalism yields an equivalence of dg categories between multipets and modules over the ChevalleyEilenberg algebra of supertranslations. This equivalence of categories is closely related to Koszul duality. If time permits, I will comment on applications to sixdimensional supersymmetry.  
at BigBlueButton  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Heino Falcke, University of Radbourg  
The inside of black holes is shielded from observations by an event horizon, a virtual oneway membrane through which matter, light and information can enter but never leave. This loss of information, however, contradicts some basic tenets of quantum physics. Does such an event horizon really exist? What are its effects on the ambient light and surrounding matter? How does a black hole really look? Can one see it? Recently we have made the first image of a black hole and detected its dark shadow in the radio galaxy M87 with the global Event Horizon Telescope. Detailed supercomputer simulations faithfully reproduce these observations. Simulations and observations together provide strong support for the notion that we are literally looking into the abyss of the event horizon of a supermassive black hole. The talk will review the results of the Event Horizon Telescope, the nature and meaning of the black hole shadow, its scientific implications and future expansions of the array.  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Jack Holguin, Ecole Polytechnique  
Final states in collider experiments are characterized by correlation functions of the energy flow operator  which plays the roll of an idealised calorimeter. In this talk, I will show that the top quark imprints itself as a peak in the threepoint correlator at an angle determined by its mass and transverse momentum. This provides direct access to one of the most important parameters of the Standard Model in one of the simplest field theoretical observables.
The analysis I will present provides a new paradigm for a precise top mass determination that is, for the first time, highly insensitive to soft physics and underlying event contamination.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Chris Hays, Oxford, England  
The mass of the W boson, a mediator of the weak force between elementary particles, is tightly constrained by the symmetries of the standard model of particle physics. The Higgs boson was the last missing component of the model. After the observation of the Higgs boson, a measurement of the W boson mass provides a stringent test of the model. We measure the W boson mass using data corresponding to 8.8 inverse femtobarns of integrated luminosity collected in protonantiproton collisions at a 1.96 TeV centerofmass energy with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. Slides here...  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Juan Carlos Rojas Sanchez, Institut Jean Lamour ULCNRS  
Ferrimagnetic spintronics and selftorque  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14 Uhr c.t., IPH Lorentzraum (05127) 
Dr. Ronald Ulbricht, MaxPlanckInstitut für Polymerforschung  
The negativelycharged nitrogenvacancy defect (NV–) possesses an interesting combination of spin and optical properties that can potentially be exploited in applications such as solidstate qubits, highly sensitive electric and magnetic field probes and singlephoton emitters.
Within the diamond bandgap, the NV– centre forms an optically accessible twolevel quantum system which consists of a spintriplet ground state of 3A2 symmetry and a spintriplet excited state of 3E symmetry. Two more electronic levels, both being spinsinglet states (1E and 1A1), are situated within the bandgap. NV centres can also exist in the neutral charge state (NV0). The predominantly utilized feature of the NV– centre is the spintriplet 3A2 state that can be manipulated with microwave radiation and its spin state read out via the PL yield of the triplet transition as optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR). Recently, photoelectric detection of magnetic resonance (PDMR) has been demonstrated as an alternative that utilizes stateselective ionization of NV– to NV0 and photocurrent detection. Despite being one of the beststudied solidstate defects, the nonequilibrium dynamics of NV centres are not yet fully understood, particularly with respect to charge conversion.
We present results using timeresolved spectroscopic techniques such as transient absorption spectroscopy, photocurrent spectroscopy and THz timedomain spectroscopy to investigate the dynamics of ensembles of NV centers in bulk diamond after photoexcitation by probing the transient response of its optical signatures. Two separately wavelengthtunable femtosecond pulses (4501040nm) for excitation, combined with broadband spectral probing (4001650nm) over timescales reaching from fs to ms enable us to probe all relevant optical transitions in a timeresolved fashion, providing a direct measure of complex processes such as photoionization and charge conversion. Variation of the concentration of single substitutional nitrogen (Ns) in different samples permits us to characterize their influence on NV dynamics.
We probe the electronic dynamics of both NV0 and NV– centres. For the latter one, we characterize the whole spin polarization cycle and find two additional localized electronic states. We find that recombination of electrons from the conduction band after photoionization of NV– via 3E proceeds through two distinct relaxation channels. Using photocurrent spectroscopy, we also experimentally determine the photon energy threshold for photoionization from 3E.  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16 Uhr c.t., None 
Leonardo Rastelli, Stony Brook U.  
I will describe some recent progress on the correspondence between fourdimensional ${\cal N=2}$ superconformal field theories (SCFTs) and twodimensional vertex operator algebras (VOAs). In particular I will introduce the notion of the “Higgs scheme”, an extension by nilpotent elements of the standard Higgs variety of an ${\cal N=2}$ SCFT, which plays a natural role in the associated VOA.
Unlike the Higgs variety, theHiggs scheme appears to be a perfect invariant, i.e. it conjecturally fully characterizes the SCFT.  
at Zoom  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Mirjam Cvetic, University of Pennsylvania, USA  
In the past decades, String Theory has emerged as the prime candidate for quantum unification of electromagnetic, nuclear, and weak forces with gravitational ones It has shed light on important fundamental questions of theoretical physics, such as the microscopic structure of black holes and the geometric origin of particle physics. We review these developments, such as the introduction of extended objects  Dirichlet branes  and highlight the important geometric role these objects play in deriving the Standard Model of particle physics and the microscopic structure of black holes. We also highlight progress made in deriving particle physics from Ftheory, a geometric domain of string theory at finite string coupling, and recent systematic exploration of the landscape of the quadrillion Standard Models with three families of quarks and leptons.  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Stefan Stelzl, TU Munich  
We consider matter density effects in theories with a false ground state. Large and dense systems, such as stars, can destabilize a metastable minimum and allow for the formation of bubbles of the true minimum. Interestingly these bubbles are not necessarily confined to the dense region, but can escape to infinity. This leads to a phase transition in the universe after the formation of stars, and therefore has significant impact on e.g. solutions to the electroweak hierarchy problem based on dynamical selection of the electroweak vacuum. We work out some of the phenomenological consequences of such density triggered late phase transitions and put new constraints on the parameter space of some benchmark relaxion models.  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Mark Hindmarsh, Univ. Helsinki; Finland  
Gravitational waves will be an important probe of physics beyond the Standard Model, as they would be produced at possible first order phase transitions in the early universe. I will discuss the characteristic spectrum of gravitational radiation from phase transitions, how it is connected to underlying physics, and prospects for probing physics beyond the Standard Model at the future spacebased gravitational wave detector LISA. Slides here...  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16 Uhr c.t., Heidelberg 
Maxim Zabzine, Uppsala U.  
Abstract: Motivated by Mtheory, I will review rank n nn Ktheoretic DonaldsonThomas theory on a toric threefold and its factorisation properties in the context of 5d/7d correspondence. In the context of this discussion I will revise the use of the DuistermaatHeckman formula for noncompact toric Kahler manifolds, pointing out some mathematical and physical puzzles.  
at Zoom, BigBlueButton  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Alexander Deisting, Institut für Physik  
A gas TPC for neutrino physics  
at Zoom also available  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Karin Schönning, University of Uppsala  
The world around us consists of protons and neutrons – tightly bound quark systems that just like other hadrons are confined by the strong interaction. The processes occur at distances corresponding to a femtometer, i.e. 1015 m, and generate almost 99% of the visible mass of the Universe. To describe these interactions quantitatively, belong to the most challenging problems in contemporary physics.
Hyperons – quark triplets just like the protons but containing at least one heavier strange or charm quark – can shed new light on this puzzle. Being unstable, hyperons reveal through their decays more about their inner properties than protons. In particular, the hyperon spin can be traced in weak, parity violating decays. This feature makes hyperons a powerful diagnostic tool.
In this talk, I will demonstrate how spin polarised and quantum entangled strange hyperons can be exploited to measure their structure and size at the femtometer scale. I will also present recent measurements from the BESIII experiment in China and discuss future opportunities offered by facilities worldwide.  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Anke Biekötter, IPPP Durham, England  
We have plenty of reasons to believe that there is physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. Currently, however, new fundamental physics is doing a very good job at hiding from us at highenergy experiments like the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. The reason for this could be that potential new particles are too heavy to be directly detected at present experiments. In this talk, we will use effective field theory to describe the effects of heavy new fundamental physics at lower energy scales. Specifically, we will investigate what we can learn about new physics through a global analysis of LHC data. Slides here...  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Geoffrey Stephen Beach, MIT  
Domain walls and skyrmions: From ferromagnets to ferrimagnets  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14 Uhr c.t., LorentzRaum 05127 
Prof. Dr. Peter Krüger, PTB Berlin  
Magnetic fields are ubiquitous in nature and since a long time also in technology. Yet, there are many open questions, needs for research and emerging new applications. Standards need to be set or refined, and more accurate calibrations are required by industrial adopters of new technologies. A particular challenge and opportunity arise at the lowest end of the spectrum of magnetic fields. With demonstrated measurement sensitivities beyond the femtotesla (per root Hertz) scale, the neuronal activities of the brain following a peripheral nerve stimulus become detectable in a single trial, for example. While even the foundations of physics can be tested at the frontier of lowest metrological noise floors, a current trend is to make magnetic field measurement and imaging viable in application contexts beyond quantum physics laboratories. Here, we will discuss such developments in terms of sensor developments, measurement environments and key use cases. We will focus on atomic gasbased probes of DC and slowly varying magnetic fields. With trapped ultracold gases, high resolution field mapping can be achieved with relevance to material developments such as indium tin oxide replacements for nextgeneration touch screens and solar panels. On the other hand, cells containing thermal atomic vapours can provide highest field sensitivities as part of optically pumped magnetometers with use in clinical neurology or currentdensity imaging in electric vehicle batteries.  

Seminar über Theorie der kondensierten Materie / TRR146 Seminar
K. Binder/ A. Nikoubashman / F. Schmid / G. Settanni / T. Speck / M. Sulpizi / P. Virnau 15:00 Uhr s.t., Minkowski room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Giovanni Settanni, Institut für Physik, JohannesGutenberg University Mainz  
Multiscale simulations of nanomaterials for nucleic acid delivery  
at zoom  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Ramin Golestanian, MPI Göttingen  
There are many ways to study life, and one that is particularly appealing to physicists is regarding it as selforganized active soft matter that is away from equilibrium ``just the right way’’. In this Colloquium, I will discuss this notion, and provide a number of examples of how we can begin to put together simple systems  from basic ingredients that we fully understand  that would exhibit the kind of active behaviour we find in living systems. In particular, I will discuss the general class of chemical activity both as the source of nonequilibrium drive and the underlying mechanism for selforganization. Cells and microorganisms produce and consume all sorts of chemicals, from nutrients to signalling molecules. The same happens at the nanoscale inside cells themselves, where enzymes catalyze the production and consumption of the chemicals needed for life. In this colloquium, I will discuss a generic mechanism by which such chemicallyactive particles, be it cells or enzymes or engineered synthetic colloids, can "sense" each other and ultimately selforganize in a multitude of ways. A peculiarity of these chemicalmediated interactions is that they break actionreaction symmetry: for example, one particle may be repelled from a second particle, which is in turn attracted to the first one, so that it ends up "chasing" it. Such chasing interactions allow for the formation of large clusters of particles that "swim" autonomously. Regarding enzymes, we find that they can spontaneously aggregate into clusters with precisely the right composition, so that the product of one enzyme is passed on, without lack or excess, to the next enzyme in the metabolic cascade. Finally, I will discuss how breaking the actionreaction symmetry can allow a system described by two scalar fields to exhibit spontaneous breaking of time translation, timereversal, space translation, and polar symmetries.  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Andreas Crivellin, PS and U. Zürich  
Hints for the violation of lepton flavour universality (satisfied within the SM) have accumulated in recent years. In particular, deviations from the SM predictions were observed in semileptonic B decays (b>sll and b>ctau), in the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon (g2), in leptonic tau decays and dielectron searches. Furthermore, also the deficit in first row CKM unitarity, known as the Cabibbo Angle Anomaly, can be interpreted as a sign of lepton flavour universality violation. In this talk I review the status of these anomalies and give an overview of the possible interpretations in terms of new physics models.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Christian Ospelkaus, Univ. Hannover  
Laser cooling and state manipulation are key techniques in modernday atomic and molecular physics experiments, both for fundamental tests and quantum technology applications. While laser cooling was initially demonstrated in a Penning trap, it has seen relatively little use in Penningtrap precision measurements. Presentday Penning trap mass and gfactor precision measurements are now at a level where laser cooling and control can provide critical advances both for measurement speed and accuracy. Yet most species of interest in Penning trap precision measurements do not possess suitable internal structure for laser manipulation. A particularly challenging and rewarding system is the (anti)proton, which is being investigated by precision experiments within the BASE collaboration. In this and similar cases, hybrid approaches are highly desirable, where a lasercooled ion with wellknown internal structure is used to control the particle of interest. As part of BASE, we are setting up a cryogenic Penning trap apparatus for sympathetic cooling of single (anti)protons by lasercooled 9Be+ ions. We discuss how quantum logic spectroscopy, as first proposed by Heinzen and Wineland in 1990 and first used in the context of singleion optical clocks, can be implemented in this system, and present both sympathetic cooling and state manipulation techniques. We discuss our most recent experimental results, demonstrating ground state cooling of the 9Be+ ion in the Penning trap as the key enabling step for any quantum logic based state manipulation of (anti)protons. Slides here...  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Helena Reichlova, TU Dresden  
Spontaneous anomalous Hall response and altermagnetism explored in MnTe and Mn5Si3  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14 Uhr c.t., Lorentzraum 05127 
Dr. Danila Barskiy, Johannes Gutenberg Universität  
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is undergoing renaissance: the advent of hyperpolarization techniques allows enhancing weak nuclear signals by orders of magnitude, making possible measurements which were previously considered impractical, e.g., monitoring metabolism in vivo. Since large magnetic fields are no longer necessary to generate large nuclear magnetization, nonconventional signal detection approaches are now being considered as an alternative to conventional, inductive schemes. In my talk, I will focus on our recent work demonstrating that parahydrogenbased spin chemistry can be used for generating hyperpolarized analytes for low (<1 tesla) and ultralowfield (<100 nT) NMR. The presented method is applicable to a wide range of small molecules possessing exchangeable protons and have potential applications for chemical analysis and measuring NMR spectra from natural extracts and biological fluids using portable spectroscopic tools.  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 15:30 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Rodrique Badr, JGU, Physics  
We present the results of molecular dynamics simulations of liquid droplets on polymer brushes infused with lubricant. As the amount of lubricant is increased, the system undergoes a transition where the droplet goes from uncloaked to cloaked, i.e. gets fully covered with lubricant. We quantify the cloak thickness, present a theoretical explanation of the phenomenon, and measure the effect of cloaking on contact angles and the wetting ridge.  
at Zoom  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 15:00 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Fabian Berressem, JGU, Physics  
Ultracoarsegraining of homopolymers in inhomogeneous systems  
at Zoom  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Stefan Schoppmann, PRISMA Detektorlabor  
Opaque Scintillators  
at Zoom also available  

Seminar über die Physik der kondensierten Materie (SFB/TRR173 Spin+X und SFB/TR288 Kolloquium, TopDynSeminar)
JGU 16:00 Uhr s.t., TUK, 46/HS270 
Markus Ternes, RWTH Aachen  
https://www.unikl.de/trr173/events/distinguishedlectureseries/summerterm2022  
at Zoom  
Zoom ID: 699 4140 4654 with Passcode: PhyKo#2022 
Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Andrea Vinante, University of Trento  
Levitated micro/nanoparticles are an excellent platform for very sensitive tabletop mechanical experiments in the context of fundamental and quantum physics. Compared to conventional mechanical systems, they offer a higher degree of isolation from the environment and higher tunability. Levitated ferromagnets offer the additional benefit of being extremely sensitive to magnetic fields and rotations, suggesting a number of applications in the context of magnetic field sensing and fundamental physics. I will report on our efforts to levitate micromagnets by Meissner effect in a gravitationalsuperconducting trap, using SQUIDs as motion detectors. Preliminary measurements show that levitation can be realized in good agreement with the Meissner effect, with ultralow damping rate of rotational and translational modes in the range of microHz. I will discuss some possible applications, focusing on tests of wave function collapse models [1], exotic interactions beyond the standard model and magnetometry. Remarkably, a torque sensor based on a levitated micromagnet is expected to overcome the Standard Quantum Limit on magnetometry, and to surpass by orders of magnitude the Energy Resolution Limit, often proposed as a benchmark for quantum magnetometers. This goal may be achieved not only in the gyroscopic atomlike regime as previously argued, but also in the librational trapped regime [2].
[1] A. Vinante et al, Narrowing the Parameter Space of Collapse Models with Ultracold Layered Force Sensors, Phys. Rev. Lett. 125, 100404 (2020).
[2] A. Vinante et al, Surpassing the Energy Resolution Limit with ferromagnetic torque sensors, Phys. Rev. Lett. 127, 070801 (2021).  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Fernando Marchesano, Madrid, IFT  
String theory has been used to construct models of particle physics and cosmology in which Quantum Gravity is automatically incorporated. Such models always present certain features, whose importance was up to now deemed secondary. But what if they were an actual imprint of Quantum Gravity into high energy physics?
The Swampland Programme aims to unveil the general constraints that Quantum Gravity imposes on effective field theories of particle physics and cosmology, in order to derive actual predictions. In this talk I will consider those proposals that describe the energy scales that appear all the way up to the Planck mass, describe their implications for models of high energy physics, and discuss the current open problems that stem from them.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Ekkehard Peik, PTB Braunschweig  
We use frequency comparisons between highly accurate optical clocks for tests of fundamental principles. In particular, the 171Yb+ optical clock based on an electric octupole transition between the Sground state and the lowest excited Flevel with a radiative lifetime of 1.58 years provides a favorable combination of low systematic uncertainty and high sensitivity to relativistic effects and potentially new physics. Using this system we have established improved limits for violations of local position invariance (in space and time), including the presently most stringent limits for temporal variations of the fine structure constant and the electronproton mass ratio. I will give an outlook on the development of a 229Th nuclear optical clock that will open new perspectives for fundamental tests in the domain of nuclear physics. Slides here...  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 10:00 Uhr s.t., Galilei room 
Roberto Percacci, SISSA, Trieste  
A scalar theory can have many Gaussian (free) fixed points, corresponding to Lagrangians of the form ‑\phi\box^n\phi. We use the nonperturbative RG to study the flow from the free theory with four derivatives (n = 2) to the free theory with two derivatives (n = 1), in the presence of a shiftinvariant interaction. We show that the anomalous dimension changes continuously in such a way that at the endpoints the fields have the correct dimensions of the respective free theories. These results generalize to other values of n, as well as to nonlinear sigma models.  
at Zoom  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Liquiao Liu, MIT  
Nonreciprocal transport and topological band structure through interactions of magnonic multilayers  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Heeyeon Kim, Rutgers U.  
We discuss path integral derivations of topologically twisted partition functions of 5d SU(2) supersymmetric YangMills theory on M4 x S1, where M4 is a smooth closed fourmanifold. Mathematically, they can be identified with the Ktheoretic version of the Donaldson invariants. In particular, we provide two different path integral derivations of their wallcrossing formula for b_2^+(M4)=1, first in the socalled Uplane integral approach, and in the perspective of instanton counting. We briefly discuss the generalization to b_2^+(M4)>1.  
at Zoom  

Seminar über die Physik der kondensierten Materie (SFB/TRR173 Spin+X und SFB/TR288 Kolloquium, TopDynSeminar)
JGU 16:00 Uhr s.t., TUK 46/HS 270 
Sebastian Loth, University of Stuttgart  
https://www.unikl.de/trr173/events/distinguishedlectureseries/summerterm2022  
at Zoom  
Zoom ID: 699 4140 4654 and Passcode: PhyKo#2022 
Seminar über Theorie der kondensierten Materie / TRR146 Seminar
K. Binder/ A. Nikoubashman / F. Schmid / G. Settanni / T. Speck / M. Sulpizi / P. Virnau 14:00 Uhr s.t., 01128 (Galilei Room) 
Benedikt Grüger, University Göttingen  
We investigate the interaction of two paradigmatic ways of being out of equilibrium, aging and driving, in simple models of glassy dynamics. We specifically consider the Bouchaud model, where a system jumps between the numerous minima of a rough energy landscape in configuration space. As the temperature decreases, the system undergoes a dynamical phase transition, at which the relaxation time diverges. With an additional field, we then drive the system by biasing it's dynamics towards higher/lower jumping activity. We investigate the spectrum of the (biased) master operator in that framework, using a population dynamics algorithm based on cavity theory that allows us to deduce statements about the thermodynamic limit. Combining this with extensive diagonalization we identify novel regimes in the biastemperature phase diagram that are distinguished by the occurrence of different kinds of eigenvector localization and are linked to the existence of a spectral gap. We also present methodological advances in the form of novel strategies for operating the population dynamics algorithm.  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Dirk Uwe Sauer, RWTH of Aachen  
Die netto CO2Emissionen sollen in Deutschland bis 2045 auf Null gesenkt werden. Andere Ländern haben sich zum Schutz des Klimas auf ähnliche Ziele verpflichtet. Der Mobilitätssektor trägt in Deutschland mit rund 20% zu den Gesamtemissionen bei und hat anders als die meisten anderen Sektoren seit 1990 keine signifikanten Reduktionen zu verzeichnen. Neben Anstrengungen das Verkehrsaufkommen z.B. durch Verlagerung vom Auto auf die Schiene, den ÖPNV oder das Fahrrad zu verringern, sind elektrische Antriebskonzepte ein technisch realistischer Weg, der inzwischen auch mit Nachdruck weltweit in der Automobilindustrie verfolgt wird. In PKW setzt sich aktuell weltweit das Konzept des batterieelektrischen Fahrzeugs durch.
Entsprechend ist die Frage, wie der Stand der Batterietechnik ist, welche Materialsysteme aktuell und in absehbarer Zeit zum Einsatz kommen, wie es um die Sicherheit der Batterien und wie es um die Rohstoffverfügbarkeiten bestellt ist.
Gleichzeitig steigt der Speicherbedarf auch im Stromsystem, um die stark fluktuierende Stromerzeugung aus Windkraft und Photovoltaikanlagen zu vergleichmäßigen. Auch hier werden in großem Umfang Batteriespeicher zum Einsatz kommen, an die aber andere Anforderungen als im Mobilitätsbereich gestellt werden.
Diskutiert werden auch die Aussichten von Batterietechnologien, die heute noch nicht in großem Umfang kommerziell eingesetzt werden und die Rolle von Wasserstoff und seinen Derivaten im Mobilitätsbereich.  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Rodolfo Ferro, JGUMainz  
The estimation of $\alpha$ at the electroweak scale is an important parameter required for electroweak precision tests. It is computed through a combination of $\e^+e^\rightarrow\mathrm{hadrons}$ data plus perturbative QCD contributions. The combination of data and pQCD can be optimized to reduce the error on the prediction of $\alpha(M_Z)$. Here, I will study how different groups choose the theory/data splitting and compare the type of errors associated with each framework. Later, I will discuss the relation of the running of $\alpha$ with the one of the weak mixing angle. Finally light new physics which might affect the measurement of the weak mixing angle at low energies will be discussed.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Clara Cuesta, CIEMAT Madrid, Spain  
The combined result of a number of experiments demonstrated that neutrinos have mass and oscillate. However fundamental questions about neutrinos remain: Is the neutrino its own antiparticle? What is the absolute scale of neutrino masses? How are the three neutrino mass states ordered? Is the CP symmetry violated in the neutrino sector? Are there sterile neutrino species? Current and future neutrino experiments are designed with stateoftheart technology to provide answers to these questions. In this colloquium, the status of two of these experiments will be presented. On one hand, the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is a next generation experiment for longbaseline neutrino oscillation studies, neutrino astrophysics and beyond the standard model searches. DUNE will consist of a beam of neutrinos located at Fermilab (US), a near detector, and a far detector placed at Sanford Underground Research Facility 1,300 km away. The far detector will have a total mass of 70 kton of liquid argon and as a previous step the ProtoDUNE program is ongoing at the CERN Neutrino Platform. On the other hand, the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR operated an array of germanium detectors searching for neutrinoless doublebeta decay (0𝜈𝛽𝛽). The excellent performance of the detectors provided new exclusion limits on the searches for neutrinoless doublebeta decay and other rareevents, such as dark matter and axions. Slides here...  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14 Uhr c.t., LorentzRaum (05127) 
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hartmut Häffner, University of California, Berkeley, USA  
I will discuss two experiments recently completed at UC Berkeley.
In the first, we couple two ions via image charged induced in a 0.6 mm long wire to each other. While the efforts were aimed at establishing the much needed interface between individual quantum processors, the coupling can be used to cool, control and detect particles not accessible laser control and are thus relevant for precision metrology as recently shown by the BASE collaboration for cooling (anti)protons.
In the second set of experiments, I will discuss a test of a nonlinear extension to quantum mechanics. Already in the early 80's, S. Weinberg and others were wondering whether the laws of nature at the quantum scale are nonlinear (Ann.Phys. (N.Y.), 194, 336386 (1989)). Interest dropped rapidly when it was shown that those extensions violate causality. However, recently Kaplan and Rajendran (arXiv:2106.10576 [hepth]) managed to add nonlinear and statedependent terms without violating causality. Interestingly this extension rendered the existing experimental tests ineffective. I will discuss why a quantum mechanical object tied to a macroscopic object (such as an ion trap) provides a more stringent test to Rajendran and Kaplan's hypothesis and present experimental bounds ruling it out at the 1E11 level.  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 15:00 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Melis Yetkin, MPIPolymer Research  
Evaporating dispersion drops from superamphiphobic surfaces opens a way to fabricate supraparticles (SPs) with complex structures. The structure formation can be controlled by tailoring the interaction forces between particles and process conditions. In this study, the structure of the SPs was investigated by tuning the shape of the primary building blocks and by the addition of surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS).  
at Zoom  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 15:30 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Tasos Sourpis, JGU, Physics  
TBA  
at Zoom  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Ralf Gugel, Institut für Physik  
Impressions from CERN: Triggering Run 3  
at Zoom also available  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16 Uhr c.t., None 
Sara Pasquetti, U. of MilanoBicocca  
We introduce an algorithm to piecewise dualise linear quivers into their mirror dual. The algorithm uses two basic duality moves and the properties of the Swall which can all be derived by iterative applications of Seiberglike dualities.  
at Zoom  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Markus Rex, AWI Potsdam  
Frozen at the North Pole  Expedition to the Epicenter of Climate Change
It was the largest expedition to the Arctic ever. In October 2019, the research icebreaker “Polarstern” allowed itself to be frozen solid in the Arctic sea ice in order to drift through the central Arctic for an entire year powered only by the natural flow of the arctic ice. Supported by six other ships as well as airplanes and helicopters, this is the first time that a modern research icebreaker vessel has reached the immediate vicinity of the North Pole in winter. Following in the footsteps of Fridtjof Nansen's historic research expedition from 18931896, the scientists explored the North Pole in greater detail than ever before, despite extreme cold, Arctic storms, an everchanging ice landscape and the unprecedented challenges posed by the Corona pandemic. They achieved groundbreaking observations of climate processes in the central Arctic. This will enable them to better understand and predict the climate system. Project and expedition leader Markus Rex reports on the dramatic climate change in the Arctic and gives an insight into the process and the first results of this unique expedition.  
THE LECTURE IS CANCELLED! 
TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Manuel Reichert, University of Sussex  
Over the past decades, the asymptotic safety scenario has matured into a viable contender for a consistent theory of quantum gravity. A pressing open question concerns the unitarity of the theory. I will present important steps towards tackling this issue and show the first direct computation of the graviton spectral function in asymptotically safe quantum gravity with a novel Lorentzian renormalisation group approach. The resulting graviton spectral function displays a massless onegraviton peak and a positive multigraviton continuum with an asymptotically safe scaling for large spectral values, though being gaugedependent. To understand the intricacies, I will contrast this to a perturbatively wellcontrolled computation of spectral functions in gauge theories with an infrared BanksZaks fixed point. I will indicate consequences for scattering amplitudes and unitarity.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Helene Götschel, FU Berlin  
Physics and astrophysics are strongly aligned with cleverness and masculinity. ‘Not surprisingly,
physics does an extremely good job at keeping people out’ (Anna Danielsson 2022). Therefore,
encouraging women and minorities to join is not enough. We need to understand and overcome the
gendered, classed and raced politics of knowledgeproducing processes in STEM. In this talk we
reflect on the power of norms and exclusions in the culture, representation, and teaching of physics.
We look, for example, at communications in research labs, educational settings at universities,
physicists’ behavior at conferences, and contents of physics textbooks. In addition, we discuss
strategies to value and welcome diversity and equity in physics (teaching). Slides here...  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Ankit Disa, MPSD  
How to engineer nonequilibrium crystal and magnetic structures with light  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14 Uhr c.t., Lorentzraum 05127 
Prof. Dr. Reinhold Walser, TU Darmstadt, Institut für Angewandte Physik  
We will present the efforts to model realistic cold quantum gas experiments in (3+1)D for long times and large distances for the use in precision interferometry on ground, in the ZARM drop tower and in orbit.  

Seminar über Theorie der kondensierten Materie / TRR146 Seminar
K. Binder/ A. Nikoubashman / F. Schmid / G. Settanni / T. Speck / M. Sulpizi / P. Virnau 15:00 Uhr s.t., Minkowski room, Staudingerweg 7 
Theo Odijk, Lorentz Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Leiden  
TBA  
at zoom  

Seminar über die Physik der kondensierten Materie (SFB/TRR173 Spin+X und SFB/TR288 Kolloquium, TopDynSeminar)
JGU 10:00 Uhr s.t., Medienraum 03431, institute of Physics 
Julian Skolaut, KIT, Germany  
There has been a longstanding interest in the realization of machines, such as motors, on the nanoscale. First described in a thought experiment by Marian Smoluchowski in 1912 and popularized by Richard Feynman in 1962, the concept of the socalled Brownian ratchet has shown the physical limits in the realization of such nanomachines. Long after the theoretical description of such nanomachines, Bernard L. Feringa was able to design and synthesize a lightdriven molecular motor and was awarded the Nobel Prize in 2016.
Taking a different approach by using the electric current in a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) as the stimulus, we present our results concerning a single molecular motor. Three anchoring groups fix the molecules to a Au(111) surface. The chiral functional group is connected via a rotatable axis and is supposed to perform a rotation in a preferred direction, proposed to be driven based on the chiralinduced spin selectivity (CISS) effect. This effect causes the electron spin of an injected current to be spinpolarized after passing through a chiral electric field, exerting a torque on the functional group via spinorbit coupling.
Indeed, when positioning the STM tip above the molecule at a fixed position, we can observe directed rotation in the follwing way : We observe three distinguishable current levels, which are interpreted as metastable rotational states of the molecule. That way, two rotation directions can be defined. Via binomial tests, we verify that the surplus of rotational switches in one direction compared to the other is statistically significant.
In voltage and current dependent measurements, two interesting trends are observed. The rate of events decreases with increasing current and the asymmetry in the switching events varies nonmonotonically with voltage. From voltage polarity dependent measurements, it is possible to extract more information on the underlying effect causing the directed rotation.  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Adrian Alvarez Fernandez, Institut für Physik  
The Forward Feature EXtractor for the ATLAS PhaseII trigger upgrade  
at Zoom also available  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Luciano Rezzolla, University of Frankfurt  
Neutron stars: from macroscopic collisions to microphysics
I will argue that if black holes represent one the most fascinating implications of Einstein's theory of gravity, neutron stars in binary system are arguably its richest laboratory, where gravity blends with astrophysics and particle physics. I will discuss the rapid recent progress made in modelling these systems and show how the gravitational signal can provide tight constraints on the equation of state for matter at nuclear densities, as well as on one of the most important consequences of general relativity for compact stars: the existence of a maximum mass. Finally, I will discuss how the merger may lead to a phase transition from hadronic to quark matter. Such a process would lead to a signature in the postmerger gravitationalwave signal and open an observational window on the production of quark matter in the present Universe.  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Sravan Kumar, Tokyo Institute of Technology  
Cosmic inflation is an important paradigm of the early Universe which is so far developed in two equivalent ways, either by geometrical modification of Einstein's general relativity (GR) or by introducing new forms of matter beyond the standard model of particle physics. Starobinsky's R+R^2 inflation based on a geometric modification of GR is one of the most observationally favorable models of cosmic inflation based on a geometric modification of GR. In this talk, I will discuss in detail the fundamental motivations for Starobinsky inflation and present how certain logical steps in the view of its UV completion lead to the emergence of a gravity theory that is nonlocal in nature. Then I will establish how one can perform studies of the early Universe in the context of nonlocal gravity and what are the observational consequences in the scope of future CMB and gravitational waves. I will discuss in detail how nonlocal R^2like inflation can be observationally distinguishable from the local effective field theories of inflation. Finally, I will comment on prospects of nonlocal gravity as a promising candidate for quantum gravity.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Claude Duhr, Univ. Bonn  
The referent will discuss advances in the understanding of the connection between scattering amplitudes and Feynman integrals on the one hand, and geometry and iterated integrals on the other. He will illustrate this connection with several results, ranging from the geometry underlying the highenergy limit in planar N=4 SuperYangMills theory, to novel results relating Feynman integrals to the geometry of CalabiYau manifolds.  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14 Uhr c.t., LorentzRaum 05127 
Prof. Dr. Svetlana Malinovskaya, Stevens Institute of Technology, New Jersey, USA  
Atoms in their highly excited electronic states, referred to as Rydberg atoms, have extraordinary nonlinear optical properties. Such atoms are highly polarizable and interact with each other via the dipoledipole or the vanderWaals interactions. Owing to these interactions, Rydberg atoms in optical traps possess the condensed matterlike collective behavior. They serve as a viable platform to study quantum manybody physics. Spin degrees of freedom of trapped Rydberg atoms bring rich new physics including quantum magnetism, quantum phases, and entanglement  a crucial resource in many quantum information and quantum communication tasks. In this talk, I will present a study of alkali rubidium atoms trapped in an optical lattice and controllably excited to the Rydberg states by linearly chirped laser pulses [1]. I will introduce a quantum control methodology to create entangled states of two typical classes, the W and the GreenbergerHorneZeilinger (GHZ) [2]. I will show that the entangled states of Rydberg atoms can be used to create the multiphoton entangled radiation states in a cavity and in free space [3]. The methodology exploits chirpedpulse adiabatic passage and provides a key step toward the resolution of a general problem of creating entanglement in highdimensional quantum entities.  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 15:00 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Bhuwan Poudel, MPIPolymer Research  
The distribution of nanoparticles (NPs) within the polymer brush is a crucial element that determines their applicability, such as in nanosensors. The brush properties, such as grafting density, thickness, etc., can be used to control the structure formation of NPs. Here, we are interested in studying the assembly formation of NPs, in particular, by tuning the brush properties.  
at Zoom  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 15:30 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Gokul Goving, JGU, Physics  
TBA  
at Zoom  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Matei Climescu, Institut für Physik  
Development of a calorimeter with high angular resolution  
at Zoom also available  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Elena Aprile, University of Columbia  
The XENON Dark Matter Project aims at the direct detection of Dark Matter WIMPs as they scatter off a liquid xenon target in a twophase time projection chamber (TPC). With steadily increased target mass and lower background, the XENON experiments have set worldleading limits on a variety of WIMP interactions and over a broad mass range. I will present results from the first science data obtained with the new XENONnT experiment, which continues taking data at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory.  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Myriam Mondragon, UNAM  
We present models with an extended Higgs sector, three Higgs doublets, which have an underlying S3 flavour symmetry.
S3 is the smallest nonAbelian discrete group, corresponding to the permutation of three objects, which makes it naturally suitable for a flavour symmetry. We apply this symmetry "universally" to the fermionic and scalar sectors.
We review some previous results in the fermionic sector (quarks and leptons), as well as recent results in the Higgs sector derived from the minimization of the potential and the explicit calculation of the HiggsHiggs and Higgsgauge boson couplings. We show that in the exact alignment limit (when only one of the Higgs bosons couples to the gauge bosons), the results at tree level coincide exactly with the Standard Model ones. We present the allowed parameter space for the scalar masses in the two possible alignment scenarios, with some interesting consequences. We also present the results for a dark matter candidate coming from this type of models, with a fourth inert Higgs.  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Anna Sótér, ETH Zürich, Switzerland  
Despite the immense success of the Standard Model (SM), it is well known to be incomplete in describing Nature. Most obviously it is not incorporating gravity, and also falling short in explaining cosmological observations like the baryon asymmetry of the Universe, or the nature of dark matter and dark energy. Recent tensions concerning lepton universality are also persistent in the latest results of LHCb [1], or the muon g2 experiment [2].
In our newly approved LEMING experiment at the Paul Scherrer institute we aspire to carry out next generation atomic physics and gravity experiments using muonium, which is an exotic atom consisting purely leptons, a muon and an electron (M = μ⁺ + e⁻) [3]. The result of a M gravity measurement would be a direct test of the weak equivalence principle using elementary (anti)leptons from two families, in the absence of large binding energies from the strong interaction.
We started this challenging task by developing a novel cold atomic M beam in vacuum using muon conversion in superfluid helium. The basis of this new concept relied on the measured behavior of exotic atoms in SFHe, a recent laser spectroscopy result using antiprotonic helium [4]. Our new tantalizing measurements with the newly synthesized cold M beam production put us on a path for increased precision in 1S2S laser spectroscopy of M, and may pave the way for a free fall experiment, that would be the first direct measurement of the gravitational interaction using (anti)leptons.
References
[1]LHCb Collaboration, Nat. Phys. 18, 277–282 (2022)
[2]Muon g−2 Collaboration, Phys. Rev. Lett. 126, 141801 (2021)
[3]A. Soter and A. Knecht, SciPost Phys. Proc. 5, 31 (2021)
[4]A. Soter et. Al Nature volume 603, pages 411–415 (2022)  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Liza Herrera Diez, CNRS and Université ParisSaclay  
Magnetoionics: using ionic motion to control magnetism  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14 Uhr c.t., IPH Lorentzraum 05127 
Dr. Robert Löw, GEPRIS Universität Stuttgart  
The research and the spectroscopy of hot vapors carries great potential, ranging from fundamental research to robust applications in the context of quantum technologies.
In the past decades the spectroscopy of atomic and molecular gases at room temperature has lost some attention due to the focus on cold atomic systems. Still, due to their experimental simplicity, their robustness, and their fundamental nature, they hold the promise to realize realworld quantum devices. Their narrowband transitions and high optical depths enable such vapor cell science to implement excellent sensors, reference and metrologic devices or building blocks in quantum optics.
In this talk I will focus on optical nonlinearities induced by atomatom interactions, either by highly excited Rydberg states or for low lying states via the resonant dipoledipole interactions. These nonlinearities are manifest at the single photon level and can be exploited to generate and process nonlinear light fields. As a platform we us a variety of cell types, where the most advanced ones involve integrated photonic waveguides and microresonators.  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Michael Nieslony, Institut für Physik  
Deployment and preliminary data of the first LAPPD in ANNIE  
at Zoom also available  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16 Uhr c.t., Heidelberg 
Hossein Movasati, IMPA, Brasil  
I will talk on a project which aims to develop a unified theory of modular and automorphic forms. It encompasses most of the available theory of modular forms in the literature, such as those for congruence groups, Siegel and Hilbert modular forms, many types of automorphic forms on Hermitian symmetric domains, CalabiYau modular forms, with its examples such as Yukawa couplings and topological string partition functions, and even go beyond all these cases. Its main ingredient is the socalled ‘GaussManin connection in disguise’. The talk is based on the author's book with the same title, available in my webpage.  
at Zoom  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Prof. Andreas Schäfer, University of Regensburg  
The EIC project ist rapidly approaching CD2 stage (Critical Decision 2; approval of preliminary design, cost, and schedule) and a large fraction of the international hadron physics community is focusing on the opportunities the EIC will provide and the challenges it will pose for theory. Precision and scope of the EIC experiments will be unprecedented and matching both is a highly nontrivial task. As illustrations I will review some aspects of this multifaceted topic without any claim to completeness.  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Mariana Grana, Institut de Physique Théorique  
One of the biggest problems in string compactifications is the large number of massless fields associated to deformations of the internal geometry. These “moduli” get masses from fluxes wrapping nontrivial cycles on the manifold. Fluxes have an associated charge, which on a compact manifold has to satisfy tadpole cancelation conditions. The tadpole conjecture proposes that the charge induced by the fluxes needed to stabilise a large number of moduli grows linearly with the number of moduli. In this talk I will go over the basics of flux compactifications, explain the conjecture, present its motivation, supporting evidence and consequences.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Christoph Langenbruch, RWTH Aachen  
Precision measurements of heavy flavour decays constitute powerful tests of the Standard Model of particle physics. New heavy particles beyond the Standard Model can significantly affect flavour observables through virtual quantum corrections. Precision measurements of these observables can reveal potential deviations from Standard Model predictions, and thereby probe energy scales far beyond the beam energies currently available at colliders.
The talk will focus on flavour observables that have recently shown tensions with Standard Model predictions, the socalled flavour anomalies. The referent will present the current experimental status of the anomalies, briefly discuss possible interpretations, and give prospects for their clarification in the near future. Slides here...  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14 Uhr c.t., LorentzRaum 05127 
Prof. Dr. Giovanna Morigi, Universität des Saarlandes  
In this talk I will discuss the role of noise in determining the topology of a neural network, whose dynamics is governed by biologically inspired model. I will then give an outlook on how these concepts could be implemented for engineering quantum target dynamics via a noisy environment.  

Seminar über die Physik der kondensierten Materie (SFB/TRR173 Spin+X und SFB/TR288 Kolloquium, TopDynSeminar)
JGU 10:30 Uhr s.t., THEP Seminar Room 05427 
Elizaveta Tremsina, MIT, USA  
Atomistic Simulations of Distortionlimited Highspeed Dynamics of Antiferromagnetic Skyrmions  
at Zoom  

Seminar über die Physik der kondensierten Materie (SFB/TRR173 Spin+X und SFB/TR288 Kolloquium, TopDynSeminar)
JGU 9:30 Uhr s.t., 03431, Medienraum, Staudingerweg 7 
Aurélien Manchon, AixMarseille University, France  
Exploring the potentials of spinorbitronics  

Seminar über die Physik der kondensierten Materie (SFB/TRR173 Spin+X und SFB/TR288 Kolloquium, TopDynSeminar)
JGU 14:00 Uhr s.t., 01122 Newton Raum 
Jingsheng Chen, National University of Singapore  
Symmetry Breaking by Materials Engineering for SpinOrbitTorque Technology  
at Zoom  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU Sonderseminar: 14:00 Uhr s.t., Medienraum (Staudingerweg 7) 
Samindranath Mitra, editor of Physical Review Letters  
The talk will seek to address the role that PRL plays in disseminating important scientific results and the impact of digitalisation and social media on this process. Attendees will also have an opportunity to engage in a Q&A session.
PRL was established in 1958. It is a peerreviewed, scientific journal that is published 52 times per year by the American Physical Society. PRL is an internationally read physics journal, describing a diverse multidisciplinary readership. Dr Samindranath Mitra has been an editor of PRL for more than twenty years. Slides here...  
at Zoom  
Sonderseminar  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 13:30 Uhr s.t., Minkowski room 
Raymond Co, Minnesota U.  
We established a paradigm where the (QCD) axion’s novel cosmological evolution, a rotation in the field space, can give rise to axion dark matter via kinetic misalignment and can generate the observed baryon asymmetry of the Universe via axiogenesis. The axion rotation also leads a kination era, leaving unique signatures in the primordial gravitational wave spectrum. For ultralight (QCD) axions, this cogenesis scenario makes intriguing predictions on axion properties more experimentally accessible than the conventional ones. For heavy and cosmologically unstable QCD axions, the predictions from axiogenesis point to regions that can be probed by neutrino experiments and longlived particle searches. We will also discuss how the presence of an axionmuon coupling will facilitate such probes at, e.g., ArgoNeuT, DUNE, FASER 2, and SHiP.  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 10:30 Uhr s.t., Minkowski room 
Michael Robert Trott, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen  
In recent years, the effective field theory approach to the Standard Model, the SMEFT, has been used to study LHC data with ever increasing theoretical precision and sophistication. However, the complexity of this theory lead to several barriers to substantial theoretical progress. In particular, the explosion in the number of parameters in the SMEFT as a function of operator mass dimension, and the technical challenge or reformulating SM predictions consistently into the SMEFT were very serious problems. This called into question the possible success and value of the SMEFT physics program over the long term. I will discuss how these challenges have been overcome. The key point leading to this advance, is the understanding that the projection of curved scalar field spaces generated by the Higgs onto a naive flat field space understanding implicitly embedded into the usual SMEFT Lagrangian, and approach  was the root cause of many problems, technical challenges and confusions. Many outstanding issues have now been addressed and immediately overcome by reformulating the SMEFT noting its curved scalar field space(s)  in the Geometric SMEFT. Some examples of the benefits of this approach will be presented, and explained.  

Seminar über die Physik der kondensierten Materie (SFB/TRR173 Spin+X und SFB/TR288 Kolloquium, TopDynSeminar)
JGU 11:00 Uhr s.t., Kaiserslautern building 46/270 
Xin Fan, University of Denver  
TransverselyPolarized Spin Current Generation from Ferromagnetic Metals  
at Zoom  

Seminar über Theorie der kondensierten Materie / TRR146 Seminar
K. Binder/ A. Nikoubashman / F. Schmid / G. Settanni / T. Speck / M. Sulpizi / P. Virnau 10:30 Uhr s.t., 05 127 LorentzRaum Staudingerweg 7 55128 Mainz 
David P. Landau, The University of Georgia  
Incommensurate Phases in the TwoDimensional XYModel with DzyaloshinskiiMoriya Interactions  
Postponed from 8.9.2022 
Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Sebastian Ritter, Institut für Physik  
Masterkolloqium: Studies to Optimize the Electromagnetic Calorimeter of the DUNE NDGAr Detector  
at Zoom also available  

Seminar über Theorie der kondensierten Materie / TRR146 Seminar
K. Binder/ A. Nikoubashman / F. Schmid / G. Settanni / T. Speck / M. Sulpizi / P. Virnau 10:30 Uhr s.t., Minkowskiraum 
Prof. Noriyoshi Arai, Keio University  
Coarsegrained molecular simulation for active water pumps inspired by biomolecules  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Olivera Vujinovic, Institut für Physik  
Searches for Axions at the LHC  
at Zoom  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16 Uhr c.t., Munich 
Albrecht Klemm, Bonn U.  
Recently it has been realized that the parameter dependence of
Feynman integrals in dimensional regularisation can be calculated
explicitly using period and chain integrals of suitably chosen
CalabiYau motives, where the transcendentality weight of
the motive is proportional to the dimension of the Calabi Yau
geometry and the loop order of the Feynman graphs. We exemplify
this for the Banana graphs, the Ice Cone graphs and the Train Track graphs
in two dimensions. In the latter case there is a calculational very useful
relation between the differential realisation of the
Yangian symmetries and the PicardFuchs system of compact
CalabiYau spaces M as well as between the physical correlations
functions and the quantum volume of the manifolds W that are the
mirrors to M.  
at Zoom  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Prof. Dr hab. Wojciech Gawlik, JU Krakow, PL  
I will begin with a historical introduction starting from Michael Faraday’s discovery of the magnetooptical phenomena and the basic physics behind it.
Next, I will present the revolution caused by the advent of lasers in magnetooptics studies and the developments which made the nonlinear magnetooptics
one of the most precise measurement techniques. While focusing on hot atomicvapor samples, I will also present some magnetooptic studies with cold,
trapped atoms and colour centers in diamonds and their applications to magnetometry.  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Dr. ChienYeah Seng, Univ. Bonn  
The precision measurement of the toprow CabibboKobayashiMaskawa (CKM) matrix element $V_{ud}$ from beta decays of pion, neutron and nuclei plays an important role in lowenergy precision tests of Standard Model (SM) predictions. The recent observation of an apparent deficit of the toprow CKM unitarity has attracted wide attentions and provided hints for physics beyond the Standard Model (BSM). Higher precision for the $V_{ud}$ extraction is needed to confirm (or reject) such an observation; in this talk the referent will discuss some ongoing efforts from the theory and experimental side to achieve this goal. Slides here...  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
James McIver, MPSD and Columbia University  
Ultrafast optoelectronic probes of quantum materials  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., IPH Lorentzraum 05127 
Prof. Dr. hab. Wojciech Gawlik, Jagiellonian University, Poland  
By simultaneous application of a laser and two microwave fields upon a spin system (e.g. NV centers in diamond) one can observe magnetic resonance structures with twocomponent, composite shapes of nested Lorentzians with different widths. One component is regularly powerbroadened, whereas the linewidth of the other one undergoes fieldinduced stabilization and becomes powerindependent. The observed stabilization appears to be a general phenomenon that occurs in open systems. It is caused by the competition between coherent driving and nonconservation of populations and can be interpreted in terms of specific bright and dark combinations of state populations.
Bio: Studied physics at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków (MSc in 1970), 197274 worked in the Physikalisches Inst. der Uni Heidelberg (with G. zu Putlitz), PhD in 1975 (Uni Kraków). Longer research stays: Reading (GB) with G.W. Series, Munich with H. Walther, Paris with S. Haroche, Boulder with A. Gallagher, Berkeley with D. Budker. Head of the Atomic Optics Dept. (199094) and Photonic Dept. (20032017) in Jagiellonian Univ. (Kraków), since 2018 Professor Emeritus at the Institute of Physics Jagiellonian University.  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Liam O'Sullivan, Institut für Physik  
CrossSection Measurements with the T2K Near Detector ND280  
at Zoom  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16 Uhr c.t., None 
Lorenz Eberhardt, IAS  
I will revisit string oneloop amplitudes in this talk. After reviewing the basics, I will explain how Witten’s iepsilon prescription gives a manifestly convergent representation of the amplitude. I will then consider the imaginary part of the amplitude and show directly that it satisfies the standard field theory cutting rules. This leads to an exact representation of the imaginary part of the amplitude. I will also discuss physical properties of the imaginary part such as the singularity structure of the amplitude, its Regge and high energy fixedangle behaviour and lowspin dominance. Finally, I will tease how Rademacher’s contour can be used to evaluate the full oneloop open string amplitude exactly in terms of a convergent infinite sum.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Dr. Carsten Brandau, GSI Darmstadt  
Towards storage ring studies of highly charged 229Th  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Eric Fullerton, UC San Diego  
Stripe domain phases in chiral magnetic systems with perpendicular anisotropy  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., IPH Lorentzraum 05127 
Dr. Benjamin Stickler, Imperial College London, Dept. of Physics  
Controlling the quantum dynamics of massive and complex objects, such as large molecules and nanoparticles, requires a detailed understanding of the interaction between their many interacting degrees of freedom and control fields. In this talk, I will discuss how light scattering induces nonreciprocal interactions between colevitated objects [1], how the rotational quantum interference of nanoparticles with embedded nitrogenvacancy centres gives rise to novel quantum phenomena [2,3], and how diffraction of chiral molecules can prepare superpositions of molecular configurations [4]. These examples illustrate the potential of macromechanical quantum systems for novel force and torque sensing schemes and for highmass tests of quantum physics.
[1] Rieser, Ciampini, Rudolph, Kiesel, Hornberger, Stickler, Aspelmeyer, and Delić, Tunable lightinduced dipoledipole interaction between optically levitated nanoparticles, Science 377, 987 (2022).
[2] Stickler, Hornberger, and Kim, Quantum rotations of nanoparticles, Nat. Rev. Phys. 3, 589 (2021).
[3] Rusconi, Perdriat, Hétet, RomeroIsart, and Stickler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 129, 093605 (2022).
[4] Stickler, Diekmann, Berger, Wang, Phys. Rev. X 11, 031056 (2021).
Short Bio:
I studied Chemistry and Physics at TU Graz, and received my PhD in Physics form the University of Graz in 2013. I held postdoc positions at the University of DuisburgEssen and at Imperial College London (as a Marie Sklodowska Curie Fellow). I obtained my Habilitation at the University of Duisburg Essen in 2022, where I now work on the theory of macroscopic quantum physics and levitated nanomechanics.. In 2022, I was elected into the NRW Academy of Sciences and Arts as a Young Fellow and I was recently admitted to the prestigious Heisenberg Programme by the DFG.  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Ioana Caracas, Institut für Physik  
Study of High Energy Steeply Upgoing Air Showers with the Fluorescence Detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory  Constraining BSM Scenarios Producing Upgoing τ Leptons  
at Zoom  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Prof. Dr. Horst SchmidtBöcking, University of Frankfurt  
In der Nacht vom 7. auf den 8. Februar 1922 gelang es Walther Gerlach und Otto Stern im sogenannten SternGerlachExperiment SGE, zum ersten Male das magnetische Moment eines Atoms, des Silberatoms, zu messen und den Beweis zu erbringen, dass Arnold Sommerfelds und Pieter Debyes Postulat der Richtungsquantelung von atomaren magnetischen Momenten in einem äußeren Magnetfeld der Wahrheit entsprach.
Das Messprinzip des Experimentes als hochauflösendes Impulsspektrometer für einzelne Atome im Vakuum und der historische Weg der Durchführung dieses Experimentes werden dargestellt. Das Ergebnis des SGE zeigte damit auch erstmals, dass auch die inneratomaren Drehimpulse gequantelt sind. Die Bedeutung des SGE für die Entwicklung der Quantenphysik besprochen.  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Cem Eröncel, DESY  
Axionlikeparticle (ALP) is a wellmotivated candidate for dark matter, and it has been subject to extensive theoretical and experimental research in recent years. The most popular ALP production mechanism studied in the literature is the misalignment mechanism, where the ALP field initially has negligible kinetic energy and starts oscillating when its mass becomes comparable to the Hubble scale. Recently, a new mechanism called Kinetic Misalignment has been proposed where the ALP field receives large kinetic energy at early times due to the explicit breaking of the PecceiQuinn symmetry. This causes a delay in the onset of oscillations so that the ALP dark matter parameter space can be expanded to lower values of the axion decay constant. At the same time, the ALP fluctuations grow exponentially via parametric resonance in this setup, and most of the energy in the homogeneous mode is converted to ALP particles. This process is known as fragmentation. In this talk, I will discuss the observational consequences of fragmentation for the axion miniclusters and show that a sizable region of the ALP parameter space can be tested by future experiments that probe the smallscale structure.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Prof. Dr. Alessandro Roggero, Univ.Trento, Italy  
In extreme astrophysical environments like supernova explosions, the large neutrino density can
lead to collective flavor oscillations driven by neutrinoneutrino interactions. These phenomena
are important to describe flavor transport and have potentially important consequences for both
the explosion mechanism and nucleosynthesis in the ejected material. Even simple models of
neutrinoneutrino interactions require the solution of a challenging manybody problem whose
exact solution requires exponential resources in general. In this talk the referent will describe the physics
of collective flavor oscillations and present the recent efforts to simulate the realtime flavor
dynamics of twoflavor neutrinos using current generation quantum computers based on both
superconducting qubits as well as trapped ions.  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., IPH Lorentzraum 05127 
Dr. Anna Ermakova, MPI Mainz  
Color centers in diamonds offer wonderful sensing possibilities in the case of the detection of magnetic or electric fields or temperature. Color centers in nanodiamonds can be incorporated into the biological systems to investigate them. One of the biggest advantages of quantum sensors based on nanodiamonds is that they operate at room temperature or higher. Therefore, they can be used to study living systems. We investigate how nanodiamonds can be brought into the living system in the most efficient way and what information we can get from them.
Bio: Studied physics in Belarusian State University (MSc in 2011), PhD in physics (magna cum laude) with Fedor Jelezko at Ulm University, Institute for Quantum Optics (20112016). From 2017 to 2021 she held positions as a postdoc at Ulm University, researcher at Silicon Austria Lab GmbH, and a senior scientist at MPIP (Mainz). Since 2022 – Anna is Independent Group Leader at MaxPlanckInstitute for Polymer Research, Mainz, Germany supported by CarlZeiss Foundation, her group works on investigating potential of Nanodiamonds for intracellular magnetometry and thermometry, novel alloptical sensing methods, and cell metabolism processes.  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 14:30 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Gokul Govind, JGU, Physics  
Sequence controlled polymerization is an inevitable process in natural systems. The amino acid sequence arrangement is the vital part in determining the structure function of proteins. This process of selection and formation of sequence interests scientists to build polymers that are made of selfassembled monomers that interact through Van der Waals interactions such as hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions. In this talk I will be discussing the copolymerization of two monomers that are having hydrophobic and hydrophilic domains whose interplay induces a supramolecular polymerization in water. We discuss the concentration factors that can contribute to the formation of homopolymers and copolymers with different sequences.
References :
Macromol. Rapid Commun. 2021, 2100473
Macromolecules 2019, 52, 7661−7667
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 16, 7606–7617  
at Zoom  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 15:00 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Bhuwan Poudel, MPIPolymer Research  
It is crucial to understand how stimuliresponsive polymer surfaces, such as polymer brushes, accommodate nanoparticles and how the presence of nanoparticles alters the structural and dynamical properties of the brushes in order to use the brush/NPs hybrid in optimal applications.
We plan on answering this question by carrying out detailed molecular dynamics simulations. As a first step toward the project's goal, we investigated the properties of brushes and studied how a nanoparticle interacts with them.  
at Zoom  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 15:00 Uhr s.t., HIM building, room 02.111 
Pere Masjuan, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona  
The role of Pade approximants as fitting functions  
Note the special time and room. 
Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Martin Rongen, Institut für Physik  
Insitu estimation of ice crystal properties at the South Pole using LED calibration data from the IceCube Neutrino Observatory  
at Zoom  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16 Uhr c.t., None 
Raghu Mahajan, Stanford U.  
We use insights from string field theory to analyze and cure the divergences in the cylinder diagram in minimal string theory, with both boundaries lying on a ZZ brane. Minimal string theory refers to the theory of twodimensional gravity coupled to a minimal model CFT that serves as the matter sector; it includes JT gravity as a limiting case. ZZ branes are akin to Dinstantons, and give rise to features that reflect the underlying discreteness of the dual theory. The exponential of the cylinder diagram represents the oneloop determinant around the instanton saddle. The finite result for this oneloop constant computed using the string field theory procedure agrees precisely with independent calculations in the dual doublescaled matrix integrals performed by several authors many years ago.  
at Zoom  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Prof. Dr. Peter Spichtinger, JGU Institute for Atmospheric Physics  
Ice clouds constitute an important component in the Earthatmosphere system. Like all clouds, they influence the hydrological cycle and the energy budget of the system. Thereby, the partial reflection of incident radiation results into a cooling effect (albedo effect), and the absorption and reemission of thermal radiation results into a warming effect (greenhouse effect). However, for ice clouds in the tropopause region the net effect (warming or cooling) is unclear, because both opposite effects are of the same order of magnitude. Thus, the net effect depends on further properties of the multiscale system of ice clouds, such as the size and shape of the crystals, as well as the formation of structures within clouds resulting into heterogeneous media. In particular, the formation of structures in (ice) clouds is relatively poorly known so far and requires further investigation.
In this talk we investigate processes and phenomena on different scales of ice clouds. We start with single crystals and their properties, as well as methods to measure these particles. To represent the ensemble ice cloud, models have to be developed and further investigated. The formulation of reduced order models leads us to ice clouds as nonlinear oscillators. The interaction on different scales and of different processes finally leads to the formation of characteristic structures. These investigations are current research and are carried out in interdisciplinary collaboration.  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Mathias Becker, JGU Mainz  
A nonminimal dark sector could explain why WIMP dark matter has evaded
detection so far. Based on the extensively studied example of a simplified
tchannel dark matter model involving a colored mediator, we demonstrate that
the Sommerfeld effect and bound state formation must be considered for an
accurate prediction of the relic density and thus also when inferring the
experimental constraints on the model. We find that parameter space thought to
be excluded by LHC searches and direct detection experiments still remains
viable. Moreover, we point out that the search for bound state resonances at the
LHC offers a unique opportunity to constrain a wide range of dark matter
couplings inaccessible to prompt and longlived particle searches.  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Dr. Graziano Venanzoni, Frascati, Italy  
The latest measurement of the muon g2 announced at Fermilab exhibits a 4.2$\sigma$ discrepancy from the currently accepted Standard Model prediction. The main source of uncertainty on the theoretical value is represented by the leading order hadronic contribution $a_{\mu}^{HLO}$, which is traditionally determined through a datadriven dispersive approach. A recent calculation of $a_{\mu}^{HLO}$ based on lattice QCD is in tension with the dispersive evaluation, and reduces the discrepancy between theory and experiment to 1.5$\sigma$. An independent evaluation of $a_{\mu}^{HLO}$ is therefore required to solve this tension and consolidate the theoretical prediction.
The MUonE experiment proposes a novel approach to determine $a_{\mu}^{HLO}$ by measuring the running of the electromagnetic coupling constant in the spacelike region, via $\mue$ elastic scattering. The measurement will be performed by scattering a 160 GeV muon beam, currently available at CERN's North Area, on the atomic electrons of a lowZ target. A Test Run on a reduced detector is planned to validate this proposal. The status of the experiment in view of the Test Run and the future plans will be presented. Slides here...  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Yoav William Windsor, FH Institute of the MPS and TU Berlin  
Towards a "complete" picture of ultrafast dynamics in the 2D ferromagnet FGT  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Patrycja Potepa, Institut für Physik  
Ttbar production in Pb+Pb collisions  
at Zoom  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Prof. Dr. Erwin Frey, University of Munich  
Protein pattern formation is essential for the spatial organization of intracellular processes like cell division, and flagellum positioning. A prominent example of intracellular patterns is the oscillatory poletopole oscillations of Min proteins in E. coli whose function is to ensure precise cell division. Cell polarization, a prerequisite for processes such as stem cell differentiation and cell polarity in yeast, is also mediated by a diffusionreaction process. More generally, these functional modules of cells serve as model systems for selforganization, one of the core principles of life. Under which conditions spatiotemporal patterns emerge, and how these patterns are regulated by biochemical and geometrical factors are major aspects of current research. In this talk I will review recent theoretical and experimental advances in the field of intracellular pattern formation, focusing on general design principles and fundamental physical mechanisms.  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Alfredo Guerrera, Padua U. and INFN  
AxionLikeParticles are among the most economical and well motivated extensions of the Standard Model. In this talk ALP
production from hadronic and leptonic meson decays are studied. The hadronization part of these decay amplitudes has been
obtained using BrodskyLepage method or LQCD, at needs. In particular, the general expressions for ALP emission in mesonic
s and tchannel treelevel processes are thoroughly discussed, for pseudoscalar and vector mesons. Accordingly, exact
results as well as some useful approximation for mesontomeson and meson leptonic decay amplitudes are presented.
I will the discuss the phenomenology of various decays and highlight the most robust in terms of experimental searches
and theoretical predictions. Finally, bounds on the (lowenergy effective Lagrangian) ALPfermion couplings are derived,
from present and future flavour experiments. If I have time left I'll also cover some of the new form factors calculations in B mesogenesis.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Francesca Carlin, Berlin (Please note: Event will take 2 hours)  
Evaluations and selections determine scientific careers possibly like no other factor. Knowing that they are also susceptible to bias and preconceptions, how can we ensure a fair recruitment process and assure to pick the best candidate? Together, we want to reflect how we hold discussions in selection committees (on all career levels!) and learn what practices prove helpful in guaranteeing more equitable opportunities for all applicants.
Please register through prisma@unimainz.de to receive preparatory material. Slides here...  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., IPH Lorentzraum 05127 
Dr. Lars von der Wense, LMU München  
Optical atomic clocks are today’s most accurate timekeeping devices. They achieve stunning relative accuracies in the range of 1018, corresponding to an error of 1 second in 30 billion years. An even improved accuracy is expected to be achieved by a nuclear optical clock, since the nucleus is significantly less sensitive to external influences than the atomic shell.
Developing a nuclear optical clock requires laser spectroscopy of a nuclear transition, an objective which has so far not been achieved, but which has come into reach due to recent gain of knowledge.
In this talk I will give an overview over the recent progress that has been made toward the development of a nuclear optical clock. I will introduce several experiments that are currently in preparation aiming toward firsttime laser spectroscopy of a nuclear transition. Finally, I will introduce the investigations planned within the framework of the newly funded BMBF project “NuQuant”.  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 14:30 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Seraphine Wegner, WWU Münster  
Bottomup synthetic biology aims to construct celllike systems starting from molecular building blocks. These synthetic cells give insight into the molecular details and principles that give rise to cell function. Many functions in cells arise directly from the spatial and temporal regulation of cellmatrix and cellcell interactions. In this talk, I will present strategies of how such spatiotemporal control over adhesions of synthetic and natural cells can be achieved with visible light and functions that arise from these. The photoswitchable adhesions allow us recapitulate cell migration, to selfassemble and selfsort cells into multicellular functional architectures with high precision, regulate their interactions with synthetic materials, program cell to cell communication and to study the underlying biology. Synthetic minimal cells, which reduce complexity and yet capture key features of natural cells, allow us to quantify and correlate cell behavior with molecular information. Further, complementary approaches pursued with synthetic minimal cells as well as bacterial and mammalian cells allow translating concepts between different systems and integration into hybrid structures. Overall, our work on one hand provides insight into underlying design principles of life and on the other hand engineer new synthetic cell biology.  
at Zoom  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16 Uhr c.t., None 
Enno Keßler, MPIM Bonn  
Jholomorphic curves or pseudoholomorphic curves are maps from Riemann
surfaces to symplectic manifolds satisfying the CauchyRiemann equations.
Jholomorphic curves are of great interest because they allow to construct
invariants of symplectic manifolds and those invariants are deeply related to
topological superstring theory. A crucial step towards Gromov–Witten
invariants is the compactification of the moduli space of Jholomorphic curves
via stable maps which was first proposed by Kontsevich and Manin.
In this talk, I want to report on a supergeometric generalization of J
holomorphic curves and stable maps where the domain is a super Riemann
surface. Super Riemann surfaces have first appeared as generalizations of
Riemann surfaces with anticommutative variables in superstring theory. Super
Jholomorphic curves couple the equations of classical Jholomorphic curves
with a Dirac equation for spinors and are critical points of the
superconformal action. The compactification of the moduli space of super J
holomorphic curves via super stable maps might, in the future, lead to a
supergeometric generalization of GromovWitten invariants.
Based on arXiv:2010.15634 [math.DG] and arXiv:1911.05607 [math.DG], joint with
Artan Sheshmani and ShingTung Yau.  
at Zoom  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Markus Fröb, U. Leipzig  
Perturbative Quantum Gravity (pQG), the effective quantum field theory of gravitational fluctuations around a given background, is currently the only experimentally accessible theory of quantum gravity. Its treelevel predictions, in the form of temperature fluctuations of the Cosmic Microwave Background, have been experimentally confirmed, and it is possible that loop corrections are accessible to future experiments. However, while the treelevel results are well understood also from a theoretical point of view, the diffeomorphism symmetry of gravity makes the construction of invariant observables very difficult beyond this. Only recently, this issue has been overcome, and a class of causal invariant observables has been constructed. I will discuss this construction and how it can be related to observations, and present some predictions of pQG for graviton loop corrections to the Newtonian gravitational potential and the Hubble rate, the local expansion rate of the universe. Lastly, I show that pQG also predicts that spacetime becomes noncommutative at the Planck scale, but in a different way from previous approaches. The talk is based (in particular) on the recent papers arXiv:1806.11124, 2108.11960, 2109.09753 and 2207.03345.  
at Zoom  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Prof. Dr. Katrin AmannWinkel, MPI für Polymerforschung Mainz  
Water is ubiquitous and the most important liquid for life on earth. Although the water molecule is seemingly simple, various macroscopic properties of water are most anomalous, such as the density maximum at 4°C or the divergence of the heat capacity upon cooling. Computersimulations suggest that the anomalous behaviour of ambient and supercooled water could be explained by a two state model of water. An important role in this ongoing debate plays the amorphous forms of water. Since the discovery of two distinct amorphous states of ice with different density (high and low density amorphous ice, HDA and LDA) it has been discussed whether and how this phenomenon of polyamorphism at high pressures is connected to the occurrence of two distinct liquid phases (HDL and LDL). Xray free electron laser allow us to investigate metastable states of supercooled water within nano to microseconds. In my talk I will give an overview on our recent Xray experiments on supercooled water and amorphous ices.  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Prof. Dr. Tetyana Galatyuk, GSI Darmstadt  
What happens when gold nuclei, accelerated to about 90% of the speed of light, strike gold nuclei at rest? For an extremely short time, t~10^23 seconds, states of matter at extreme temperatures (10^12 K) and densities (>280 Mt/cm^3) are produced. The microscopic properties of the stronginteraction matter under extreme conditions of temperature and density is a topic of great current interest. Despite 18 orders of magnitude difference in system size and time, the conditions present in heavyion collisions share great overlap with the conditions of the stronginteraction matter in neutronstar mergers. The possibility to form and explore in the laboratory stronginteraction matter under extreme conditions is truly fascinating.
The Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM) experiment at FAIR has the potential to discover the most prominent landmarks of the QCD phase diagram expected to exist at high net baryon densities. The measurement of comprehensive set of diagnostic probes offers the possibility to find signatures of exotic phases, and to discover the conjectured first order deconfinement phase transition and its critical endpoint.
In this talk the referent will focus on relevant observables to study criticality, emissivity, vorticity and equationofstate of baryon rich matter. Particular emphasis is put on rare probes which are not accessible by other experiments in this energy range.  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., Zoom 
Alice Mizrahi, CNRSThales  
Multilayer spintronic neural networks with radiofrequency connections  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über die Physik der kondensierten Materie (SFB/TRR173 Spin+X und SFB/TR288 Kolloquium, TopDynSeminar)
JGU 10:00 Uhr s.t., TUK, Building 76, Room 276 (LASE) 
Prof. Victor L’vov, Dept. of Chemical and Biological Physics, Weizmann Institute of Science  
Hydrodynamic turbulence in superfluid Helium: basic ideas, experiments, and physical models  
at Zoom  

Seminar über die Physik der kondensierten Materie (SFB/TRR173 Spin+X und SFB/TR288 Kolloquium, TopDynSeminar)
JGU 16:15 Uhr s.t., 01122 Newton Raum 
Martin Beye, DESY  
Resonant inleastic Xray scattering (RIXS) especially in the soft Xray region has seen a tremendous increase in applicability and scientific insight over the recent years. This was largely enabled by progress in instrumentation and theoretical description. Now the time is ripe to apply RIXS to pressing problems and develop the technique further making full use of the capabilities of novel Xray sources. In my talk, I will address three main themes from my research:
1. Timeresolved RIXS at freeelectron lasers applied to relevant dynamic processes in chemistry (on surfaces, in liquids and in solid catalysts)
2. RIXS with micrometer spatial resolution to resolve domain dynamics in complex materials and on devices inoperando
3. Nonlinear spectroscopies in the soft Xray range to enhance information content and signal levels I will show and discuss experimental results from all research themes and point to future development directions.  

Seminar über Theorie der kondensierten Materie / TRR146 Seminar
K. Binder/ A. Nikoubashman / F. Schmid / G. Settanni / T. Speck / M. Sulpizi / P. Virnau 15:00 Uhr s.t., Remote 
Oliver Beckstein, Arizona State University  
Multiscale modelling of transmembrane transport processes with kinetic cycle models  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., IPH Lorentzraum 05127 
Dr. Masaki Hori, MPI für Quantenoptik, Garching/Institut für Physik, Uni Mainz  
A Metastable antiprotonic helium is a Rydberg exotic atom composed of a
helium nucleus, electron, and an antiproton. It is among the hadronanti
hadron bound systems with the longest known lifetimes. Intense beams
of laser light can be used to excite atomic transitions involving the anti
proton orbital. By utilizing subDoppler twophoton laser spectroscopy
or buffer gas cooling, its atomic transition frequencies were measured to
ppbscale precision. Comparisons with the results of QED calculations
allowed the antiprotontoelectron mass ratio to be determined as
1836.1526734(15). The results were used to set upper limits on fifth
forces between antiprotons and nucleons at atomic length scales, and
on forces that may arise between an electron and antiproton mediated
by hypothetical bosons by Mainz theoretical groups. Efforts are
currently underway to improve the experimental precision using
CERN’s ELENA facility.
We also observed narrow spectral lines of these atoms formed in super
fluid helium with asurprisingly high spectral resolution of 2 parts per million.
This revealed the hyperfinestructure arising from the spinspin interaction
between the antiproton and electron,despite the fact that the atom was
surrounded by a dense matrix of normal atoms. Thisphenomenon may
imply future possibilities in condensed matter or astrophysical fields.
Metastable pionic helium (πHe+) contains a negative pion occupying a
state of n≈l1≈17, and retains a 7 ns average lifetime. We recently used
the 590 MeV ringcyclotron facility of Paul Scherrer Institute near Zurich
to synthesize the atoms, and irradiated them with resonant infrared laser
pulses. This induced a pionic transition within the atom and triggered
an electromagnetic cascade that resulted in the π being absorbed into
the helium nucleus. This constitutes the first laser excitation and
spectroscopy of an atom containing a meson. By improving the
experimental precision, the pion mass may bedetermined to a high
precision as in the antiproton case. We wish to extend these studies
to other atoms containing kaons or hyperons that includes the strange
quark.
Bio: Masaki Hori obtained his PhD in 2000 at the University of Tokyo
in the field ofnuclear physics. After CERN and JSPS fellowships in Geneva
involving antiprotonexperiments and building LHC injector parts, he
became group leader at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics
in 2008. He obtained a Habilitation and became Privatdozent in 2020
at the Ludwig Maximillians University, while working in a commercial
company that develops optical frequency combs. He joined the Institute
of Physics of Mainz today as a Heisenberg position. He is spokesperson
of the laser spectroscopy experiments of exotic helium atoms at CERN and PSI.  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Rainer Wanke, Institut für Physik  
The SHADOWS Experiment at CERN  
at Zoom  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16 Uhr c.t., None 
Nikita Nekrasov, Stony Brook U.  
CalogeroMoserSutherland system of particles is a prototypical example of a system with fractional statistics. I review the old and new connections of this system to (super) YangMills theory in various dimensions.  
at Zoom  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Prof. Dr. Peter Hommelhoff, University of Erlangen  
Optical fields can now be controlled with similar degrees of freedom as microwave fields for many decades already: we can now control not just
the pulse envelope but also the optical carrier field. With few cycle laser pulses, this allows steering of electrons in unprecedented ways. I
will give an overview over recent experiments we performed mainly with the atomically thin material graphene. Here we can drive the intraband
motion of electrons but also interband transitions. For the intense ultrashort fields we employ, these processes become intricately coupled
 a hallmark of strongfield physics. In particular, we could observe subsequent coherent LandauZener transitions, leading to
LandauZenerStückelbergMajorana interferometry, representing fully coherent electron dynamics in a roomtemperature material. In the
second part of the talk, we will shine light on the graphenegold interface and how it will add to the currents we can excite. Because of
the different symmetries involved, we can disentangle virtual and real carrier excitations. With these insights, we have recently demonstrated
a first Boolean logic gate based on two laser pulses carrying the logic information in the carrier envelope phase, which might bring lightwave
or petahertz electronics closer to reality.  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Johanna Erdmenger, Würzburg U.  
Within the AdS/CFT correspondence, the entanglement properties of the CFT are related to wormholes in the dual gravity theory. This gives rise to questions about the factorisation properties of the Hilbert spaces on both sides of the correspondence. We show how the Berry phase, a geometrical phase encoding information about topology, may be used to reveal the Hilbert space structure. Wormholes are characterized by a nonexact symplectic form that gives rise to the Berry phase. For a wormholes connecting two spacelike regions in AdS3 spacetimes, we find that the nonexactness gives rise to one phase space variable appearing in each of the two boundary CFTs located at each end of the wormhole. The two CFTs are thus coupled, reflecting nonfactorization. Mathematical concepts such as coadjoint orbits and geometric actions play an important role in this analysis. In addition to its relevance for quantum gravity, the approach presented also suggests how to experimentally realize the Berry phase and its relation to entanglement in tabletop experiments involving photons or electrons. This provides a new example for relations between very different branches of physics that follow from the AdS/CFT correspondence and its generalizations. Based on 2202.11717 and 2109.06190.  
at Zoom  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Prof. Dr. Tim Cohen, CERN, Switzerland  
The referent will describe some recent work on applying Effective Field Theory (EFT) methodology to three different physically interesting systems. First he will explain the philosophy and general methodology of EFT. He will then present three short vignettes. The first has to do with techniques for systematically computing the EFT parameters from a given more fundamental description. The second will show how EFT can be used to understand the behavior of quantum fields in an inflationary background, with applications to light scalar fields and the inflaton itself. And in the third, the referent will show how EFT ideas can be applied to systematically improve a numerical technique for quantum field theory known as Hamiltonian truncation. Slides here...  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Dmytro Afanasiev, Radboud University  
Lightdriven phonomagnetism  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., IPH Lorentzraum 05127 
Dr. Nikita Kavokine, MPI for Polymer Research, Mainz  
Liquids are usually described within classical physics, whereas solids require the tools of quantum mechanics. I will show how in nanoscale systems this distinction no longer holds. At these scales, liquid flows may in fact exhibit quantum effects as they interact with electrons in the solid walls. I will first discuss the quantum friction phenomenon, where charge fluctuations in the liquid interact with electronic excitations in the solid to produce a hydrodynamic friction force. Using manybody quantum theory, we predict that this effect is particularly important for water flowing on carbonbased materials, and we obtain experimental evidence of the underlying mechanism from pumpprobe terahertz spectroscopy. I will then show how the theory can be pushed one step further to describe hydrodynamic Coulomb drag – the generation of electric current by a liquid in the solid along which it flows. This phenomenon involves a subtle interplay of electrostatic and electronphonon interactions, and suggests strategies for designing materials with low hydrodynamic friction.
Bio: Nikita Kavokine obtained a Bachelor in Chemistry and a Master in Theoretical Physics from Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS) in Paris. He continued at ENS for his PhD, in the group of Prof. Lydéric Bocquet, working on both theory and experiments in nanoscale fluid dynamics. He then obtained a Flatiron Research Fellowship and spent a year in New York, learning advanced numerical methods for condensed matter systems. He is now a postdoctoral fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research. His research is at the interface between ‘hard’ and ’soft’ condensed matter, focussing on the quantum behavior of liquids near solid surfaces.  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 14:30 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Leila Saheb Mohamadi, TU Darmstadt, Physics  
In nature, many biological systems selfassemble into structures such as peptides, proteins, or DNA. The molecule's selfassembly arose from noncovalent interaction, steric limitations and excluded volume effects. In this project, we used thermosensitive amphiphilic dendritic C3symmetric peptides containing either glutamic acid or lysin groups. In situ QCMD reveal a layerbylayer absorption of the oppositely charged peptides, forming a multilayer. The total amount of adsorbing peptides is derived by the adsorbed temperature and increases with increasing temperature. Exposure to high or low pH (12 or 2) removes the peptide stacks apparently due to reduced electrostatic interaction. AFM result shows the distribution pattern is nanorodlike. These experiments prove stable switchable blocks on the surface that can carry biological and colloidal materials.  
at Zoom  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 15:00 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Janka Bauer, JGU, Physics  
Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are essential components for the formation
of membraneless organelles, which play key functional and regulatory roles
within biological systems. These complex assemblies form and dissolve spontaneously
over time via liquidliquid phase separation of IDPs. Mutations in their amino acid
sequence can alter their phase behavior, which has been linked to the emergence
of severe diseases such as cancer and neurodegenerative diseases including amyotrophic
lateral sclerosis. In this work, we study the conformation and phase behavior
of a lowcomplexity domain of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1
(hnRNPA1), using coarsegrained implicit solvent molecular dynamics simulations [1].
We systematically analyze how these properties are affected by the number of aromatic
residues within the examined sequences. We find a significant compaction
of the chains and an increase in the critical temperature with increasing number of
aromatic residues within the IDPs. Comparing singlechain and condensed state simulations,
we find much more collapsed polymer conformations in the dilute systems,
even at temperatures near the estimated θtemperature of the solution. These observations
strongly support the hypothesis that aromatic residues play a dominant
role for condensation, which is further corroborated by a detailed analysis of the intermolecular
contacts, and conversely that important properties of condensates are
captured in coarsegrained simulations. Interestingly, we observe density inhomogeneities
within the condensates near criticality, which are driven by electrostatic interactions.
Finally, we find that the relatively small fraction of hydrophobic residues
in the IDPs results in interfacial tensions which are significantly lower compared to
typical combinations of immiscible simple liquids.
[1] Dignon et al., PLOS Comput. Biol. 14, e1005941 (2018)  
at Zoom  

Seminar about Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics (ETAP)
Institut für Physik 12:30 Uhr s.t., Staudingerweg 7, Minkowskiraum 
Uwe Oberlack, Institut für Physik  
Perspectives of MeV Astrophysics  
at Zoom  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16 Uhr c.t., None 
Ida Zadeh, JGU Mainz  
I will discuss compactification of the heterotic string on the smooth, flat 3manifold T3/Z2, without supersymmetry. The low energy dynamics of the corresponding ten dimensional heterotic supergravity will be described. The semiclassical theory has both Coulomb and Higgs branches of nonsupersymmetric vacua. An exact worldsheet description of the compactification will then be presented using the framework of asymmetric orbifolds of T3, where the orbifold generator involves a Nikulin nonsymplectic involution of the even selfdual lattice of signature (19,3). This construction gives a novel conformal field theory description of the semiclassical field theory moduli space and reveals a rich pattern of transitions amongst Higgs and Coulomb branches.  
at Zoom  

Seminar über Theorie der kondensierten Materie / TRR146 Seminar
K. Binder/ A. Nikoubashman / F. Schmid / G. Settanni / T. Speck / M. Sulpizi / P. Virnau 15:30 Uhr s.t., None 
Wanda Niemyska, University of Warsaw  
New knots found in human proteome based on AlphaFold predictions  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Prof. Michael E. Flatté, University of Iowa  
Electric manipulation of magnetization is essential for the integration of magnetic functionalities in integrated circuits. Spinorbit torque (SOT), originating from the coupling of electron spin and orbital motion through spinorbital interaction, can effectively manipulate magnetization. Symmetry breaking plays an important role in spintronics based on SOT. SOT requires inversion asymmetry in order to have a net effect on magnetic materials, which is commonly realized by spatial asymmetry: a thin magnetic layer sandwiched between two dissimilar layers. This kind of structure restricts the SOT by mirror and rotational symmetries to have a particular form: an “antidampinglike” component oriented in the film plane even upon reversal of the magnetization direction. Consequently, magnetization perpendicular to the film plane cannot be deterministically switched with pure electric current. To achieve allelectric switching of perpendicular magnetization, it is necessary to break the mirror and rotational symmetries of the sandwiched structure.  

TheoriePalaver
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., Lorentz room (Staudingerweg 7, 5th floor) 
Ricardo Cepedello, U. Würzburg  
While the matching of specific new physics scenarios onto the SMEFT framework is a wellunderstood procedure, the inverse problem, going from the SMEFT to UV scenarios, is more involved and requires the development of new methods to perform a systematic exploration of models. In this talk, I will discuss a diagrammatic approach to construct in an automated way a complete set of possible BSM models, given a certain set of well specified assumptions, that can reproduce specific patterns of SMEFT operators, and illustrate its use by generating models with no treelevel contributions to fourfermion operators. These class of models, which on the SMEFT only contribute to fourfermion operators at oneloop order, can contain relatively light particles that could be discovered at the LHC in direct searches, and even accommodate a dark matter candidate. In these scenarios, there is an interesting interplay between indirect SMEFT and direct searches, combining lowenergy observables with the SMEFT Higgsfermion analyses and searches for resonances at the LHC.  

PRISMA+ Colloquium
Institut für Physik 13:00 Uhr s.t., LorentzRaum, 05127, Staudingerweg 7 
Dr. Gaia Lanfranchi, Frascati, Italy  
With the establishment and maturation of the experimental programs searching for New Physics with sizeable couplings at the LHC, there is an increasing interest in the broader particle and astroparticle community for exploring the physics of light and feeblyinteracting particles (FIPs) as a paradigm complementary to a New Physics sector at the TeV scale and beyond.
SHADOWS is a new experiment proposed at the CERN North Area to search for a large variety of FIPs produced in the interactions of a proton beam with a dump. It will use the 400 GeV primary proton beam extracted from the CERN SPS currently serving the NA62 experiment. SHADOWS can expand the exploration for a large variety of FIPs well beyond the state of the art in the MeVGeV mass range which is allowed by cosmological and astrophysical observations and become one of the main players in the search for FIPs at accelerators in the next decade.
After an introduction about the current plans for searching for FIPs at CERN within the Physics Beyond Colliders activity the referent will present the status of the SHADOWS project. Slides here...  

SPICESpin+X Seminar
TUK and JGU 15:00 Uhr s.t., None 
Christopher Marrows, University of Leeds  
Skyrmions in chiral magnetic multilayers  
at Zoom and SPICE YouTube Channel  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., IPH Lorentzraum 05127 
Dr. Boris Naydenov, Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin  
Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) is a well established technique with wide applications in various scientific fields, but with limited spin sensitivity. Here two approaches for measuring small ensembles of electron spins will be presented. In the first part of the talk a miniaturized EPR spectrometer based on a single chip (EPRoC) will be introduced, where the sample volume can be reduced down to few nanolitres. Recent results using rapid frequency sweeps for detection will be shown, which improve the signal to noise for samples with long relaxation times. In the second part of the talk Optically Detected Magnetic Resonance (ODMR) on NitrogenVacancy centers (NVs) in diamond nanostructures will be shown. The NVs can be detected and controlled at the single spin level and they are well studied physical systems as they are very promising quantum sensors and qubits. The presented experiments with NV ensembles are the first steps towards the realization of a unforgeable quantum token, which is protected by the quantum noncloning theorem.  

RIND seminar on Mathematical Physics and String Theory
U. Mainz, LMU Munich, U. Heidelberg, U. Vienna 16 Uhr c.t., LMU Munich (Room A348) 
Niccolo Cribiori & Ralph Blumenhagen, Max Planck Institut for Physics, Munich  
The absence of global symmetries is widely believed to be a principle of quantum gravity. Recently, it has been generalised to the statement that the cobordism group of quantum gravity must be trivial. Indeed, a nontrivial group detects a higherform global symmetry, which has then to either be gauged or broken. In the case in which it is broken, defects have to be introduced into the setup. These can be endoftheworld branes furnishing a dynamical realization of cobordism, of which we will provide a new concrete example. In the case in which the symmetry is gauged, we will argue that there is a nontrivial interplay between cobordism and Ktheory, leading to the construction of type IIB/Ftheory tadpoles from a bottomup perspective. This interpretation of cobordism and Ktheory as charges in quantum gravity can be given further support when passing from groups of the point to groups of a generic manifold X. We will argue that these more general groups have a natural interpretation in terms of the dimensional reduction of the theory on X. A systematic analysis can possibly lead to the prediction of new contributions to string theory tadpoles.  
at Zoom  

Physikalisches Kolloquium
Institut für Kernphysik 16:15 Uhr s.t., HS KPH 
Prof. Dr. Sarah Köster, Uni Göttingen  
We have about 200 different types of cell in our body, and each of them has very special mechanical properties. Illustrative examples are contracting muscle cells, migrating immune cells or elastic red blood cells. There intriguing mechanical properties are to a great part determined by the socalled cytoskeleton (the “skeleton of the cell”), a composite biopolymer network composed of three filament systems – intermediate filaments, actin filaments and microtubules – along with crosslinkers and molecular motors. In my talk, I will focus on intermediate filaments, the most flexible and the most extensible ones among the different types of filament, with an intriguing nonlinear behavior. It has been shown previously that the presence of intermediate filaments in a cell has an influence on its mechanics. Here we unravel different contributions to network properties and cell mechanics, such as the assembly kinetics and mechanical properties of the individual filaments, filamentfilament interactions, and network rheology. To explain our experimental results on molecular grounds, we design models that include the strictly hierarchical buildup of the filaments and nonequilibrium transitions between folded and unfolded states. Taken together, the experiments and the modelling indicate that intermediate filaments serve as “safety belts” and shock absorbers” for the cell, thus avoiding damage at strong and fast impact, while maintaining flexibility (e.g., during cell motility).  

Seminar über Quanten, Atom und Neutronenphysik (QUANTUM)
Institut für Physik 14:00 Uhr s.t., IPH Lorentzraum 05127 
Dr. Sven Sturm, MPI für Kernphysik, Heidelberg  
Experiments with single ions confined in a Penning trap enable access to a broad range of observables that are of fundamental importance for our understanding of fundamental physics. In the magnetic field of the trap, the cyclotron frequency of an ion can be determined with unique precision and gives direct access to the chargetomass ratio. Furthermore, we have access to the gyromagnetic gfactor via a measurement of the (Larmor) spin precession frequency. This way, we have determined a number of fundamental parameters, such as the electron, proton, neutron and deuteron atomic masses with leading precision.
This way, in our new generation experiment ALPHATRAP we have recently measured the gfactor of highly charged, hydrogenlike 118Sn. A comparison to a precise prediction by quantum electrodynamics (QED) allows probing the validity of QED in extreme electric fields, in the order of 1015 V/cm.
Furthermore, by crystallizing two ions simultaneously in one trap we have achieved a leap of two orders of magnitude on the precision frontier. With this new technique, we have recently determined the isotopic effect of the gfactor in hydrogenlike neon ions, at 13 digits precision with respect to g and are consequently sensitive to previously invisible contributions, such as the QED recoil, and can set limits on hypothetical new physics such as dark matter mediated couplings.
Finally, the possibility to determine the internal state of a single ion gives us access to systems that were previously difficult to handle, such as the molecular hydrogen ions. Currently, we are performing spectroscopy on HD+ and soon H2+. The development of the necessary toolbox will be a seminal step towards a possible future spectroscopy of the antimatter equivalent, antiH2, which will enable a unique test of chargeparitytime (CPT) reversal symmetry.  

GRK 2516 Soft Matter Seminar
Uni Mainz 14:30 Uhr s.t., Minkowski Room, 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Nicolas Vogel, FriedrichAlexander University ErlangenNürnberg  
The spontaneous organization of individual building blocks into ordered structures is extensively used in nature and found at all length scales, from crystallization processes, via composite materials, to living cells constituting complex tissue. Understanding the relationship between building blocks, environmental conditions, and resulting structure is of fundamental importance for controlling materials properties. Confining elements imposed upon the selforganizing particles can significantly alter the assembly process and may lead to entirely different colloidal crystals. Especially interesting confinements are emulsion droplets that prevent the formation of periodic structures by introducing boundaries and curvature.
Here, we explore the surprising diversity of crystal structures and symmetries that can form in this confining element. We create a phase diagram of observed crystal phases in dependence of the number of colloidal particles within the confinement and support our model by eventdriven molecular dynamics simulations of hardspheres in a spherical confinement. A closer look at the thermodynamics in such systems shows that certain configurations exist as minimum energy structures, a signature associated with magic number clusters which are well known in the atomic world, but have not been observed in the colloidal realm. Importantly, and differing from their atomic analogues, the occurrence of such magic number states is not driven by the mutual attraction of the individual building blocks. Instead, the thermodynamics in our colloidal system is entirely governed by entropy maximisation. In this presentation, I introduce synthetic requirements that are necessary for the selfassembly of magic colloidal clusters and present a detailed study on the structures, thermodynamics and formation kinetics of this confined selfassembly process. Slides here...  
at Zoom  

Seminar über Theorie der kondensierten Materie / TRR146 Seminar
K. Binder/ A. Nikoubashman / F. Schmid / G. Settanni / T. Speck / M. Sulpizi / P. Virnau 18:00 Uhr s.t., MinkowskiRaum 05119, Staudingerweg 7 
Thomas Mehren, Physiker  
https://gemeinschaftderphysik.fb08.unimainz.de/2022/12/02/thomasmehrenphysicistinhardwaresoftware/  
